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Table 1 Characteristics of reported cases

From: Pediatric non-diabetic ketoacidosis: a case-series report

  Gender Weight (kilogram) Degree of dehydration Age (year) Etiology Neurological signs Blood glucose (mmol/L) Anion gap Serum Serum Serum Ketones
Drowsiness Coma Seizure Cl-mmol/L K + mmol/L HCO3(mmol/L) Blood (mmol/L) Urine
Case 1 Female ≤ 10 mild < 1 URI N/A + + 2.0 25.3 112.3 3.5 3.4 N/A +++
Case 2 Female 10–20 mild 1–5 Sepsis + 2.1 18.5 115.7 2.6 4.5 N/A +++
Case 3 Male ≤ 10 mild 1–5 Gastroenteritis + 6.4 27.6 105.8 3.8 3 5.1 +++
Case 4 Male 10–20 mild 1–5 URI + 4.5 37.3 96.9 4.5 < 3 >6 +++
Case 5(1) Male ≤ 10 mild < 1 Gastroenteritis N/A + + 4.3 30.1 105.8 2.7 3.8 N/A +++
(2)   ≤ 10 mild < 1 Gastroenteritis + 5.1 34.4 98.2 4.6 < 3 >6 +++
(3)   10–20 mild 1–5 Gastroenteritis + 4.7 27.5 103.9 5.0 4.8 4.9 +++
  1. URI upper respiratory tract infection
  2. N/A record missing