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Table 4 Associated factors of stunting in children in the Gaza Strip (n = 357)

From: Prevalence and associated factors influencing stunting in children aged 2–5 years in the Gaza Strip-Palestine: a cross-sectional study

Variables Simple logistic regression Binary logistic regressiona
B Crude OR (95% CI) P-value Exp(B) Adjusted OR (95% CI) P-value
Geographical location1 −0.61 0.54(0.17,1.72) 0.300
Geographical location2 0.35 1.42(0.77,2.62) 0.257
Child age −0.01 0.98(0.96,1.01) 0.224
Child’s sex −0.37 0.69(0.40,1.17) 0.172
Mother’s age at child birth1 0.71 1.18(0.65,2.17) 0.575   
Mother’s age at child birth2 0.51 1.66(0.71,3.87) 0.237   
Mother’s education1 0.79 2.21(1.02,4.76) 0.042   
Mother’s education2 0.47 1.60(0.72,3.52) 0.242   
Family members 0.05 1.05(0.93, 1.18) 0.412
Father’s education1 0.34 1.41(0.76,2.65) 0.278
Father’s education2 −0.41 0.66(0.34,1.26) 0.210
Household income1 0.24 1.27(0.57,2.81) 0.555
Household income2 0.70 2.01(0.93,4.35) 0.075   
Breastfeeding 0.92 2.52(0.59,10.83) 0.212
Exclusive breastfeeding 0.20 1.22(0.65,2.30) 0.523
Mother’s height1 0.96 2.62(1.28,5.36) 0.008 0.97 2.66(1.29,5.46) 0.008
Mother’s height2 1.83 6.26(3.04,12.91) <0.001 1.85 6.38(3.07,13.26) <0.001
Consanguinity 0.65 1.92(1.13,3.25) 0.015 0.68 1.98(1.14,3.44) 0.015
  1. aForward LR binary Logistic regression model was applied
  2. Model assumption are fulfilled
  3. There were no interactions amongst independent variables. No multicolinearity detected
  4. Hosmer and Lemeshow test (p = 0.678)
  5. Classification table (overall correctly classified percentage = 80.4%), Area under the curve 77.6%
  6. Address: Urban is reference. Address0, is rural to urban. Address1is refugee to urban
  7. Educational High level is the reference. Educational level 1 is Medium level. Educational level 2 is Low level
  8. Income >1400Shekel is the reference group, US $ = 3.90 Shekel
  9. Mother’s height > 1.60 m is the reference, 1.55–1.60 m is mother height 1, and <1.55 m is mother’s height 2