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Table 1 Adolescent and parental sociodemographic characteristics, a NIS-Teen 2013

From: White, affluent, educated parents are least likely to choose HPV vaccination for their children: a cross-sectional study of the National Immunization Study – teen

FEMALES
Characteristic ≥1 dose of HPV vaccine HPV vaccine completionc
No (N = 3776) Yes (N = 5098) No (N = 5484) Yes (N = 3390)
N (%)b N (%)b N (%)b N (%)b
Age (Mother/Parent)
  ≤34 years old 291 (37.1) 497 (62.9) 512 (64.4) 276 (35.6)
 35–44 years old 1643 (44.2) 2048 (55.8) 2373 (64.3) 1318 (35.7)
  ≥ 45 years old 1842 (42.5) 2553 (57.5) 2599 (60.1) 1796 (39.9)
Education (Mother)
  < High school 329 (28.9) 629 (71.1) 567 (55.1) 391 (45.0)
 High school 637 (40.8) 925 (59.2) 959 (60.1) 603 (40.0)
 Some college 1123 (48.1) 1328 (51.9) 1585 (67.1) 866 (32.9)
 College graduate 1687 (45.2) 2216 (54.8) 2373 (63.3) 1530 (36.7)
Poverty status
 Above poverty (>$75 k) 1716 (44.7) 2203 (55.4) 2376 (61.5) 1543 (38.5)
 Above poverty (<=$75 k) 1469 (46.2) 1765 (53.8) 2118 (65.7) 1116 (34.4)
 Below poverty 505 (33.2) 1009 (66.8) 863 (58.5) 651 (41.5)
 Missing, n (%) 207 (2.33) 207 (2.33)
Marital status of mother
 Married 2838 (45.5) 3483 (54.5) 3957 (63.0) 2364 (37.0)
 Otherd 938 (37.4) 1615 (62.6) 1527 (61.3) 1026 (38.7)
Ethnicity/Race of teens
 Hispanic 427 (32.5) 862 (67.5) 732 (55.2) 557 (44.8)
 Non-Hispanic White 2642 (46.9) 3135 (53.1) 3645 (65.1) 2132 (34.9)
 Otherd 707 (41.9) 1101 (58.1) 1107 (62.3) 701 (37.7)
Age in years of selected teen
 13 years old 941 (49.4) 901 (50.6) 1381 (74.2) 452 (25.8)
 14 years old 847 (44.9) 1020 (55.1) 1255 (67.9) 608 (32.1)
 15 years old 738 (41.2) 1082 (58.8) 1079 (60.6) 729 (39.5)
 16 years old 701 (40.0) 1147 (60.0) 1004 (56.9) 828 (43.1)
 17 years old 549 (37.7) 1001 (62.3) 765 (51.8) 773 (48.2)
Source of health insurance for teens
 Provided through employment or union 2540 (44.3) 3198 (55.7) 3553 (62.1) 2185 (38.0)
 Not Provided through employment or union 1187 (40.6) 1834 (59.4) 1858 (63.0) 1163 (37.0)
 Missing, n (%) 115 (1.30) 115 (1.30)
Facility type for teen’s providers
 All public facilities 592 (43.4) 710 (56.6) 897 (67.5) 405 (32.5)
 All hospital facilities 317 (32.8) 530 (67.2) 459 (56.1) 388 (44.0)
 All private facilities 1707 (42.6) 2296 (57.4) 2416 (60.2) 1587 (39.8)
 Mixed/Other 1055 (45.1) 1486 (54.9) 1573 (64.7) 968 (35.3)
 Missing, n (%) 181 (2.04) 181 (2.04)
Do teen’s providers order vaccination from states/ local health department
 All providers 2487 (41.1) 3569 (58.9) 3683 (61.7) 2373 (38.2)
 Some but possibly not all 511 (41.0) 735 (59.0) 768 (63.1) 478 (36.9)
 No providers 453 (51.2) 444 (48.8) 590 (64.1) 307 (36.0)
 Don’t know 278 (43.6) 350 (56.4) 396 (62.5) 232 (37.5)
 Missing, n (%) 47 (0.53) 47 (0.53)
Influenza vaccinatione
 No 2697 (55.7) 2218 (44.3) 3594 (74.1) 1321 (25.9)
 Yes 1079 (25.2) 2880 (74.8) 1890 (46.6) 2069 (53.4)
TDAP vaccinationf
 No 1359 (54.0) 1067 (46.0) 1838 (75.8) 588 (24.2)
 Yes 2417 (38.0) 4031 (62.0) 3646 (56.8) 2802 (43.2)
Meningitis vaccinationg
 No 1558 (77.7) 558 (22.3) 1833 (90.4) 283 (9.6)
 Yes 2218 (32.8) 4540 (67.2) 3651 (54.4) 3107 (45.6)
MALES
Characteristic ≥1 dose of HPV vaccine HPV vaccine completionc
No (N = 6522) Yes (N = 3231) No (N = 8375) Yes (N = 1378)
N (%)b N (%)b N (%)b N (%)b
Age(Mother/Parent)
  ≤ 34 years old 528 (59.6) 334 (40.4) 743 (85.8) 119 (14.2)
 35–44 years old 2840 (64.7) 1301 (35.3) 3606 (87.4) 535 (12.6)
  ≥ 45 years old 3154 (67.3) 1596 (32.7) 4026 (84.9) 724 (15.1)
Education (Mother)
  < High school 622 (53.0) 464 (47.0) 898 (79.2) 188 (20.9)
 High school 1182 (63.3) 574 (36.8) 1525 (86.2) 231 (13.8)
 Some college 1912 (72.1) 770 (27.9) 2365 (88.9) 317 (11.1)
 College graduate 2806 (66.9) 1423 (33.1) 3587 (86.8) 642 (13.2)
Poverty status
 Above poverty (>$75 k) 2919 (70.7) 1352 (29.3) 3649 (87.2) 622 (12.8)
 Above poverty (<=$75 k) 2510 (67.8) 1064 (32.2) 3132 (86.9) 442 (13.1)
 Below poverty 936 (53.3) 739 (46.7) 1384 (83.3) 291 (16.7)
 Missing, n (%) 233 (2.39) 233 (2.39)
Marital status of mother
 Married 4881 (68.6) 2184 (31.4) 6109 (86.7) 956 (13.3)
 Otherd 1641 (59.3) 1047 (40.7) 2266 (85.1) 422 (14.9)
Ethnicity/Race of teens
 Hispanic 814 (50.4) 657 (49.6) 1191 (79.7) 280 (20.3)
 Non-Hispanic White only 4471 (73.3) 1835 (26.7) 5480 (88.9) 826 (11.1)
 Otherd 1237 (61.7) 739 (38.3) 1704 (86.1) 272 (13.9)
Age in years of selected teen
 13 years old 1361 (66.5) 614 (33.5) 1736 (88.3) 239 (11.7)
 14 years old 1381 (64.9) 672 (35.1) 1777 (86.4) 276 (13.6)
 15 years old 1262 (63.8) 652 (36.2) 1632 (84.7) 282 (15.4)
 16 years old 1305 (64.1) 714 (35.9) 1702 (86.3) 317 (13.7)
 17 years old 1213 (67.9) 579 (32.1) 1528 (84.9) 264 (15.1)
Source of health insurance for teens
 Provided through employment or union 4359 (70.6) 1885 (29.4) 5395 (87.5) 849 (12.5)
 Not Provided through employment or union 2061 (58.6) 1297 (41.4) 2845 (84.4) 513 (15.6)
 Missing, n (%) 151 (1.55)    
Facility type for teen’s providers
 All public facilities 984 (67.1) 421 (32.9) 1239 (87.7) 166 (12.3)
 All hospital facilities 607 (61.6) 380 (38.4) 826 (84.5) 161 (15.5)
 All private facilities 2973 (65.7) 1522 (34.3) 3829 (85.8) 666 (14.2)
 Mixed/Other 1812 (65.3) 853 (34.7) 2299 (87.3) 366 (12.8)
 Missing, n (%) 201 (2.06) 201 (2.06)
Do teen’s providers order vaccination from states/ local health department
 All providers 4345 (62.8) 2410 (37.3) 5723 (84.9) 1032 (15.1)
 Some but possibly not all 925 (67.6) 387 (32.5) 1158 (88.7) 154 (11.3)
 No providers 745 (73.5) 225 (26.5) 871 (88.2) 99 (11.8)
 Don’t know 458 (71.8) 209 (28.2) 574 (89.1) 93 (10.9)
 Missing, n (%) 49 (0.50) 49 (0.50)
Influenza vaccinatione
 No 4263 (78.1) 1109 (21.9) 4976 (92.9) 396 (7.1)
 Yes 2259 (48.7) 2122 (51.3) 3399 (77.2) 982 (22.8)
TDAP vaccinationf
 No 2147 (76.3) 635 (23.7) 2561 (92.0) 221 (8.0)
 Yes 4375 (61.2) 2596 (38.8) 5814 (83.9) 1157 (16.1)
Meningitis vaccinationg
 No 2151 (92.8) 154 (7.2) 2249 (97.5) 56 (2.5)
 Yes 4371 (57.5) 3077 (42.5) 6126 (82.9) 1322 (17.1)
  1. aAdolescents with adequately complete provider-reported immunization records in the 2013 NIS-Teen survey were included in our analysis. Respondents from the U.S. Virgin Islands were excluded
  2. bUnweighted frequencies and weighted percentages from Dual-Frame Sampling Weights
  3. cHPV completion includes those who had received at least 3 doses of the HPV vaccine and is potentially overlapping with ≥1 dose of HPV vaccine
  4. dMarital status “other” category includes: never married/widowed/divorced/separated/deceased. Ethnicity/race of teens “other” category includes: Non-Hispanic Black and Non-Hispanic Other & Multiple Race
  5. eAdolescent has taken at least one dose of seasonal influenza vaccination in the past three years
  6. fAdolescent has taken at least one dose of TDAP only vaccination since age 10 years old and before 13 years old
  7. gAdolescent has taken at least one dose of Meningitis vaccination