Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of study participants (8–17 years) from Eeyou Istchee communities of northern Quebec, Canada, 2005–2009

From: Overweight and obesity prevalence among Cree youth of Eeyou Istchee according to three body mass index classification systems

  Total (n = 288) Boys (n = 143) Girls (n = 145) P
Age, years 12.4 ± 2.7 12.7 ± 2.7 12.1 ± 2.8 0.10
Anthropometric data
 Height, cm 159 ± 13.6 162 ± 14.7 156 ± 11.7 < 0.001
 Weight, kg 64.7 ± 22.6 67.5 ± 23.7 62.0 ± 21.2 0.04
 WC, cm 88.3 ± 15.7 89.9 ± 16.1 86.7 ± 15.2 0.08
 BMI, kg/m2 25.1 ± 6.1 25.1 ± 5.9 25.0 ± 6.2 0.93
 BMI z-score 1.3 ± 1.0 1.3 ± 1.0 1.3 ± 1.0 0.46
 Body fat, % 32.5 ± 10.9 29.0 ± 11.4 36.1 ± 9.1 < 0.001
Cardiometabolic risk factors
 SBP, mm Hg 105 ± 12.1 107 ± 12.8 103 ± 11.0 0.01
 DBP, mm Hg 62 ± 10.6 63 ± 11.1 61 ± 10.1 0.09
 Fasting plasma glucose, mmol/L 5.1 ± 0.44 5.1 ± 0.42 5.0 ± 0.46 0.05
 Fasting plasma insulin, pmol/L 145 ± 109 129 ± 95.7 160 ± 120 0.02
 HOMA2-IR 2.5 ± 1.7 2.3 ± 1.4 2.8 ± 1.8 0.008
 TG, mmol/L 1.0 ± 0.51 0.90 ± 0.44 1.0 ± 0.58 0.07
 HDL-C, mmol/L 1.3 ± 0.32 1.3 ± 0.33 1.3 ± 0.31 0.70
 TG/HDL-C ratio 0.84 ± 0.60 0.78 ± 0.50 0.89 ± 0.69 0.22
  1. Values are presented as arithmetic mean ± standard deviation. P values were obtained with two-sided t-tests
  2. Information on fasting plasma glucose and insulin was missing for 1 participant, on HOMA2-IR for 3 participants, and on TG, HDL-C and TG/HDL-C ratio for 91 participants
  3. BMI body mass index; DBP diastolic blood pressure; HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; HOMA2-IR homeostatic model assessment 2 of insulin resistance; SBP systolic blood pressure; TG triglycerides; WC waist circumference