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Table 3 Predominant primary reasons for admission and common comorbidities at presentation in childhood (0–7 years) (n = 89)

From: Pediatric hospital admissions in Indigenous children: a population-based study in remote Australia

  Conditions (ICD Code) Frequency of admissions Percentage of total
Top Primary Reasons for Presentation
 Lower respiratory tract infection   86 27.4
  Lower respiratory tract infection (J22) 74  
  Pneumonia (J18.9) 10  
  Bronchiolitis (J21.9) 2  
 Gastroenteritis   71 22.7
  Infectious gastroenteritis (A09.9) 68  
  Vomiting (R11) 3  
 Upper respiratory tract infection   36 11.4
  Otitis media (H66.3, H66.9, H70.019, H73.1) 15  
  Upper respiratory tract infection (J06.9) 14  
  Croup (J05.0) 4  
  Tonsillitis (J03.9, J35) 1  
  Pharyngitis (J02.9) 1  
  Epiglottitis (J05.1) 1  
 Injury Traumatic brain injury (S06.01), head injury (S09.9), fractured femur (S27.0), dislocated elbow (S53.10), finger injury (S69.7), soft tissue injury, hip (S76.7), superficial injury of leg/ft (S80.84, S90.82, S91.3), traumatic amputation of leg (T13.6), animal bite (dog or snake) (T14.1), foreign body (T16), corrosive burn (T24.0, T30.0), poison ingestion (T38.3) 23 7.0
 Skin infection   18 5.6
  Impetigo (L01.0) 1  
  Cutaneous abscess, furuncle, carbuncle (L02.0–.9) 7  
  Cellulitis (L03.9) 6  
  Skin sore (L98.9) 3  
  Lymphadenitis (L04.3) 1  
 Failure to thrive (R62.8) 17 5.4
 Genitourinary   14 4.4
  Urinary tract infection (N39.0) 12  
  Post infectious complications (N05.9, N12) 2  
 Asthma (J45.9) 10 3.2
Subtotal admission reasons   275 87.1
 Other   39 12.9
Total Admission reasons   314 100
Top Comorbidities at Presentation
 Upper respiratory tract infection H66.3, H66.9, J03.9, J05.0, J06.9 20 18.1
 Failure to thrive R62.8 15 13.6
 Anaemia D64.9 14 12.7
 Gastroenteritis A07.1, A08.0, A09.9, E87.2 (acidosis) 8 7.3
 Asthma J45.9 4 3.6
 Fever, unspecified R50.9 4 3.6
Subtotal comorbidities   65 58.9
 Other   45 41.1
Total comorbidities   110 100