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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of children discharged from the neonatal unit

From: Health, nutrition, and development of children born preterm and low birth weight in rural Rwanda: a cross-sectional study

  Overall Alive and assessed Lost to follow-up Died between discharge and follow-up p-value
Total number of children, N (%) 158 (100) 86 (54.4) 63 (39.9) 9 (5.7)  
Male gender, n (%) 73 (46.2) 42 (48.8) 29 (46.0) 2 (22.2) 0.320
Birth weight in grams, median (IQR) 1650 (1450–1850) 1650 (1500–1850) 1700 (1420–1900) 1500 (1300–1600) 0.124
Birth weight Status (n = 155), n (%)      0.106
 Extremely low birth weight (ELBW) 3 (1.9) 0 3 (4.8) 0  
 Very low birth weight (VLBW) 37 (23.9) 17 (20.5) 16 (25.4) 4 (44.4)  
 Low birth weight (LBW) 115 (74.2) 66 (79.5) 44 (69.8) 5 (55.6)  
Gestational age (n = 94), median (IQR) 33 (32–35) 33 (32–35) 33 (31–34) 31 (30–33) 0.060
Prematurity Category (n = 94), n (%)      0.025
 Very preterm (<32 weeks) 23 (24.5) 7 (12.7) 13 (39.4) 3 (50.0)  
 Moderate/late preterm (32 to <37 weeks) 61 (64.9) 41 (74.6) 17 (51.5) 3 (50.0)  
 Term (> = 37 weeks) 10 (10.6) 7 (12.7) 3 (9.1) 0  
Size at Birth (n = 93), n (%)      1.128
 Small for gestational age 47 (50.5) 32 (59.3) 13 (39.4) 2 (33.3)  
 Average for gestational age 46 (49.5) 22 (40.7) 20 (60.6) 4 (66.7)  
Overall risk category (n = 93), n (%)      0.391
 Term and small for gestational age 9 (9.7) 7 (13.0) 2 (6.1) 0  
 Preterm and small for gestational age 38 (40.9) 25 (46.3) 11 (33.3) 2 (33.3)  
 Preterm and not small for gestational age 46 (49.6) 22 (40.7) 20 (60.6) 4 (66.7)  
Age at admission, n (%)      0.452
 0 days, n (%) 121 (78.1) 66 (78.6) 48 (77.4) 7 (77.8)  
 1 day, n (%) 18 (11.6) 12 (14.3) 5 (8.1) 1 (11.1)  
  > 1 day, n (%) 16 (10.3) 6 (7.1) 9 (14.5) 1 (11.1)  
Days spent in neonatal unit, median (IQR) 12 (5–21) 12 (5–19) 13 (4–21) 23 (11–29) 0.154