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Table 2 BOT-2 Fine motor composite standardised scores and subtest scale scores in children with no PAE; PAE (no FASD); and FASD

From: Fine motor skills in a population of children in remote Australia with high levels of prenatal alcohol exposure and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

  Total Cohort
n = 108a
No PAE
n = 43
PAE (no FASD)
n = 39
FASD
n = 21
ANOVA
M (SD) 95% CI M (SD) 95% CI M (SD) 95% CI M (SD) 95% CI df F p
FINE MOTOR COMPOSITE 48.6 (7.4) 47.2–50.0 49.8 (7.2) 47.6–52.0 48.8 (6.2) 46.8–50.8 45.2 (7.7) 41.7–48.7 2100 3.17 0.046*d
Fine Manual Controlb 42.5 (6.2) 41.3–43.6 43.4 (6.2) 41.4–45.3 41.9 (5.3) 40.2–43.6 41.1 (7.3) 37.8–44.5 2100 1.10 0.336
Fine Motor Precision c 12.3 (3.3) 11.7–12.9 12.7 (3.4) 11.7–13.8 11.9 (2.6) 11.0–12.7 11.8 (4.0) 10.0–13.6 2100 0.94 0.393
Fine Motor Integration c 11.0 (2.9) 10.5–11.6 11.3 (2.7) 10.4–12.1 11.2 (2.9) 10.3–12.2 10.1 (3.0) 8.8–11.5 2100 1.29 0.279
Manual Coordinationb 55.7 (7.9) 54.2–57.2 57.0 (7.7) 54.6–59.4 56.2 (7.0) 53.9–58.5 51.8 (7.3) 48.4–55.1 2100 3.74 0.027*d
Manual Dexterity c 14.9 (3.7) 14.2–15.6 15.4 (3.5) 14.3–16.4 15.1 (3.1) 14.1–16.1 13.2 (4.0) 11.4–15.0 2100 2.97 0.056
Upper-Limb Coordination c 19.6 (4.4) 18.7–20.4 19.8 (4.4) 18.5–21.2 20.0 (4.5) 18.5–21.5 18.0 (3.8) 16.3–19.7 2100 1.64 0.200
  1. * p < 0.05
  2. a ‘Total Cohort’ includes n = 5 children with unknown PAE who are not included in the No PAE, PAE (no FASD), or FASD groups
  3. b BOT-2 norms M = 50, SD = 10
  4. c BOT-2 norms M = 15, SD = 5. Lower scores represent poorer performance in composites and subtests
  5. d Tukey’s HSD: No PAE > FASD