Skip to main content

Table 1 Cohort characteristics

From: Fine motor skills in a population of children in remote Australia with high levels of prenatal alcohol exposure and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

  Total Cohorta
N = 108
No PAE
n = 43
PAE (no FASD)
n = 39
FASD
n = 21
  n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Australian Aboriginal 106 (98.1)    
Gender
 Male 57 (52.8) 24 (55.8) 18 (46.2) 13 (61.9)
Handedness
 Right 101 (93.5) 41 (95.3) 38 (97.4) 19 (90.5)
Hearingb,c (n = 93)
 Normal 42 (45.2) 16 (37.2) 14 (35.9) 10 (47.6)
 Mild loss 38 (40.9) 15 (34.9) 13 (33.3) 7 (33.3)
 Moderate loss 13 (14.0) 7 (16.3) 3 (7.7) 3 (14.3)
 Missing 15 (13.9) 5 (11.6) 9 (23.1) 1 (4.8)
Prenatal nicotine exposured
 Yes 67 (62.0) 18 (41.9) 32 (82.1) 15 (71.4)
 Unknown 7 (6.5) 0 (0) 1 (2.6) 3 (14.3)
Prenatal marijuana exposured
 Yes 13 (12.0) 2 (4.7) 10 (25.6) 1 (4.8)
 Unknown 7 (6.5) 0 (0) 1 (2.6) 2 (9.5)
PAE risk levelse
 No exposure 43 (100.0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
 Low (1–3) 4 (3.7) 0 (0) 4 (10.3) 0 (0)
 Risky (4–5) 4 (3.7) 0 (0) 3 (7.7) 1 (4.8)
 High risk (≥ 6) 46 (42.6) 0 (0) 29 (74.4) 17 (81.0)
 PAE, uncertain risk 6 (5.6) 0 (0) 3 (7.7) 3 (14.3)
 Unknown PAE 5 (4.6) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
  1. a ‘Total cohort’ includes n = 5 children with unknown PAE who are not included in the No PAE, PAE (no FASD), or FASD groups
  2. b Not all children completed audiology testing
  3. c Mild hearing loss 26 – 40 dB; moderate hearing loss 41 – 55 dB
  4. d Some prenatal exposure information not available, either due to the primary carer not knowing, or the birth mother choosing not to disclose this information
  5. e Risk level according to AUDIT-C scoring criteria