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Table 1 Infant and maternal characteristics in the study population

From: The influence of socioeconomic factors on choice of infant male circumcision provider in rural Ghana; a community level population based study

Characteristics Uncircumcised infants n = 291 Circumcised infants included in the analysis n = 2847 (99.9%) Total circumcised infants n = 2850a
Income status of household (quintile)
 1 (Lowest) 115 (39.5%) 387 (13.6%) 387 (13.6%)
 2 75 (25.8%) 532 (18.7%) 532 (18.7%)
 3 47 (16.2%) 628 (22.1%) 628 (22.1%)
 4 38 (13.0%) 687 (21.1%) 687 (24.1%)
 5 (Highest) 16 (5.5%) 613 (21.5%) 613 (21.5%)
 Missing data 3 (0.1%)
Distance to health facility
 < 1 km 101 (34.7%) 1444 (50.7%) 1444 (50.7%)
 1–4.9 km 60 (20.6%) 741 (26.0%) 741 (26.0%)
 5–10 km 84 (2.9%) 400 (14.0%) 400 (14.0%)
 10 km or more 45 (15.5%) 186 (6.5%) 186 (6.5%)
 Missing data 1 (0.3%) 76 (2.7%) 79 (2.8%)
Cost of circumcisionb
 Free 539 (18.9%) 539 (18.9%)
 Less than 10 Ghs 145 (5.1%) 145 (5.1%)
 Between 10 and 20 Ghs 1530 (53.7%) 1530 (53.7%)
 20 Ghs or more 554 (19.5) 554 (19.4)
 Missing data 79 (2.8%) 82 (2.9%)
Maternal occupation
 Gov’t/private employed 4 (1.4%) 105 (3.7%) 105 (3.7%)
 Self-employed 53 (18.2%) 927 (32.6%) 927 (32.5%)
 Farming 101 (34.7%) 589 (20.7%) 589 (20.7%)
 Not working 49 (16.8%) 484 (17.0%) 484 (17.0%)
 Missing data 84 (28.9%) 742 (26.0%) 745 (26.4%)
Maternal highest educational level
 None 89 (30.6%) 512 (18.0%) 512 (18.0%)
 Primary 138 (47.2%) 1481 (52.0%) 1482 (52.0%)
 Secondary 63 (21.6%) 850 (29.9%) 852 (29.9%)
 Missing data 1 (0.3%) 4 (0.1%) 4 (0.1%)
Religion
 Christian 186 (8.3%) 2048 (71.9%) 2048 (71.9%)
 Muslim 61 (8.4%) 666 (23.4%) 666 (23.4%)
 Traditional African/none 42 (24.6%) 129 (4.5%) 129 (4.5%)
 Missing data 2 (0.7%) 4 (0.1%) 7 (0.2%)
Maternal age (years)
 Less than 20 41 (14.1%) 319 (11.2%) 319 (11.2%
 20–29 145 (49.8%) 1458 (51.2%) 1458 (51.2%)
 30 or more 104 (35.7%) 1066 (37.4%) 1066 (37.4%)
 Missing data 1 (0.3%) 4 (0.1%) 7 (0.2%)
Site of delivery
 Health facility 187 (64.3%) 2292 (80.5%) 2292 (80.4%)
 Home 101 (34.7%) 549 (19.3%) 549 (19.3%)
 Missing data 3 (1.0%) 6 (0.2%) 9 (0.3%)
Birth weight
 Less than 2.5 kg 41 (14.1%) 214 (7.5%) 214 (7.5%)
 2.5 kg or greater 250 (85.9%) 2633 (92.5%) 2636 (92.5%)
 Missing data
Type of circumcision provider   
 Formal provider 1177 (41.3%) 1177 (41.3%)
 Informal provider 1670 (58.7%) 1670 (58.6%)
 Missing data 0 (0.0%) 3 (0.1%)
Age at circumcision
 0–6 days 117 (4.1%) 117 (4.1%)
 7–20 days 2556 (89.8%) 2556 (89.7%)
 > 20 days 172 (6.0%) 172 (6.0%)
 Missing data 2 (0.1%) 5 (0.2%)
  1. aThree circumcised infants had no socioeconomic and demographic data due to field worker error
  2. b1 Ghs = 0.6 $US (2012)