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Table 1 Association of selected socio-demographic characteristics with low birth weight and macrosomia on neonates born in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia, April–July, 2014 (n = 1152)

From: Low birth weight and macrosomia in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia: who are the mothers at risk?

Characteristics Total live births LBW Macrosomia LBW & Macrosomia
Freq. Percent Freq (RRR, 95% CI) Freq (RRR, 95% CI) P-value
Hospital
 Ayder Referral 139 12.1 25 12  
 Adwa Hospital 198 17.2 19 11  
 Lemlem Karl 147 12.8 15 8  
 Suhl Hospital 143 12.4 23 16  
 Kahsay Abera 102 8.8 7 8  
 Kidist Mariam 213 18.5 21 12  
 Adigrat 210 18.2 11 10  
Residence
 Rural 397 34.5 62(ref) 23(ref)  
 Urban 755 65.5 59(0.46, 0.3–0.67) 54(1.1, 0.68–1.89) <0.001,0.61
Educational status
 Unable to read 275 23.9 50(ref) 15(ref)  
 Primary 338 29.3 23(0.33, 0.2–0.56) 24(1.15, 0.59–2.25) <0.001,0.67
 Secondary 361 31.3 31(0.42, 0.26–0.7) 22(1, 0.5–1.97) <0.001,0.99
 Tertiary 178 15.5 17(0.49, 0.27–0.9) 16(1.54, 0.74–3.22) 0.019, 0.25
Incomea
 Poor 327 32.2 40(ref) 20(ref) ref
 Medium 316 31.1 33(0.83, 0.5–1.36) 20(1.01, 0.53–1.93) 0.47,0.31
 Rich 373 36.7 36(0.78, 0.5–1.25) 29(1.25, 0.69–2.27) 0.96,0.45
Age at marriage
 < 18 368 31.9 55(ref) 27(ref)  
 ≥ 18 784 68.1 66(0.5, 0.35–0.75) 50(0.79, 0.48–1.29) 0.001,0.35
  1. RRR Relative Risk Ratio, CI Confidence Interval, Ref Reference
  2. aRich ≥ 1500, Ethiopian birr (ETB), Medium:600–1500 ETB, Poor: <600 ETB