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Table 5 Multi drug resistance pattern of bacterial isolates in neonatal septicemia, University of Gondar Hospital North West Ethiopia, from September/2015 to May/2016

From: Bacterial etiologic agents causing neonatal sepsis and associated risk factors in Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia

Organism isolated Degree of resistance Total MDR isolates ≥R3
R0 (%) R1 (%) R2 (%) R3 (%) R4 (%) R5 (%) R6 (%) R7 (%)
S. aureus (n = 49) 08 (16.3) 02 (4) 09 (18.3) 09 (18.3) 06 (12.2) 06 (12.2) 06 (12.2) 03 (6.1) 30 (61.2)
CoNS (n = 26) 02 (7.7) 02 (7.7) 01 (3.8) 00 (0) 07 (26.9) 09 (34.6) 03 (11.5) 02 (7.7) 21 (81.0)
S. pyogenes (n = 6) - - 01 (16.7) 03 (50) 02 (33.3) _ _ _ 05 (83.3)
E. coli (n = 12) - 04 (33.3) 05 (41.7) 02 (16.7) _ _ 01 (8.3) _ 03 (25.0)
K.pnuemoniae(n = 19) 01 (5.2) 02 (10.5) 02 (10.5) 05 (26.3) 04 (21) 01 (5.2) 02 (10.5) 02 (10.5) 14 (74.0)
Others (n = 8) _ 01 (12.5) 02 (25) 02 (25) _ 01 (12.5) 02 [25] _ 05 (62.5)
Total n = 120 11 (9.2) 11 (9.2) 20 (16.7) 21 (17.5) 19 (15.8) 17 (14.2) 14 (11.6) 07 (5.8) 78 (65.0)
  1. Key:CoNS Coagulase Negative Staphylococcus, others: Seratiaspecies, E. cloaca, K. rehinose, R0: susceptible to all antibiotics, R1–7: resistance to 1,2, 3, 4, 5, 6 & 7 antibiotics, ≥ R3: resistance to 3 or more antibiotic