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Table 1 Distribution of associated multiple congenital anomalies among children with orofacial clefts in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, in 2007, 2010, and 2014

From: Congenital malformations and medical conditions associated with orofacial clefts in children in Burkina Faso

Congenital malformation (ICD-10 code) Type of cleft Frequency among MCAsd n (%) Frequency among total samplee (%)
CLa CLPb CPc
Digestive system (K00-K93) 6 11 1 18 (35.3) 9.7
 Umbilical herniaf and inguinal hernia
Musculoskeletal system (Q65-Q79) 2 7 1 10 (19.6) 5.4
 Polydactyly, syndactyly, club foot, craniosynostosis, forehead bump, and unspecified
Eye, ear, face, and neck (Q10-Q18) 3 5 0 8 (15.7) 4.3
 Cataract, strabismus, nystagmus, microphtalmy, eyelid ring, proboscis, and Tessier cleft
Circulatory system (Q20-Q28) 2 3 0 5 (9.8) 2.7
 Congenital malformations of heart
Genital organs (Q50-Q56) 1 4 0 5 (9.8) 2.7
 Cryptorchidism, hydrocele, hypospadias, and hypertrophy of the clitoris
Nervous system (Q00-Q07) 0 4 1 5 (9.8) 2.7
 Microcephaly, absence of the corpus callosum, absence of inter hemispheric fissure, epilepsy, and cerebral palsy
Total 14 (27.4) 34 (66.7) 3 (5.9) 51 (100.0) 27.6
  1. aisolated cleft lip
  2. bcleft lip and palate
  3. cisolated cleft palate
  4. dmultiple congenital anomalies
  5. e n = 185
  6. f15 cases