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Table 3 Multiple regression analysis for the K-ASQ II total score adjusting for demographic and socioeconomic background (n = 255)

From: Paternal involvement and early infant neurodevelopment: the mediation role of maternal parenting stress

Independent variables K-ASQ II total
Coefficient (SE) p-value
Infant’s sex (girl) 0.06 (0.15) 0.318
First-born infant −0.06 (0.03) 0.859
Maternal age (years) 0.06 (0.03) 0.422
Paternal age (years) 0.06 (0.17) 0.432
Maternal level of educationa −0.10 (0.16) 0.340
Paternal level of educationa 0.08 (0.07) 0.125
Monthly family incomeb 0.01 (0.26) 0.210
Paternal involvement (K-PAI total score) 0.23 (0.18) <0.001
Maternal parenting stress (PSI total score) −0.26 (0.25) <0.001
  1. aVariables include high school, college, and graduate school. bVariable includes coding numbers representing less than 2000, 2000-4000, and more than 4000 US dollars