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Table 4 Gender-stratified logistic regression analysis showing the unadjusted and adjusted associations between early term/late preterm birth, and behavioral problems at child age 36 months

From: Emotional and behavioral problems in late preterm and early term births: outcomes at child age 36 months

  Boys Girls
Emotional problems Behavioral problems Emotional problems Behavioral problems
Unadjusted
OR (95%CI)
Adjusted
OR (95%CI)
Unadjusted
OR (95%CI)
Adjusted
OR (95%CI)
Unadjusted
OR (95%CI)
Adjusted
OR (95%CI)
Unadjusted
OR (95%CI)
Adjusted
OR (95%CI)
Term birth Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
Early term 0.99
(0.85–1.15)
0.95
(0.83–1.12)
0.97
(0.84–1.11)
0.96
(0.84–1.11)
1.22**
(1.05–1.41)
1.20**
(1.03–1.39)
1.06
(0.91–1.24)
1.05
(0.90–1.23)
Late preterm 1.21
(0.93–1.57)
1.06
(0.81–1.39)
1.14
(0.89–1.44)
1.09
(0.85–1.39)
1.64***
(1.27–2.11)
1.52**
(1.16–1.99)
1.20
(0.90–1.59)
1.12
(0.84–1.51)
  1. Note: Adjusted analyses include information on gestational diabetes, preeclampsia/HELLP syndrome, multiple gestation, small for gestational age, 5 min APGAR < 6, respiratory distress, intracranial bleeding and mechanically ventilated; * p < .05; ** p < .01; *** p < .001