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Table 4 Primary and secondary outcomes

From: Addressing asthma and obesity in children with community health workers: proof-of-concept intervention development

  Baseline One Year P value
Asthma
Asthma Control
 cACTa <20 16 (38.1%) 6 (14.3%) 0.013
 Uncontrolled day symptoms 16 (37.2%) 10 (23.3%) 0.109
 Uncontrolled night symptoms 21 (48.8%) 11 (25.6%) 0.041
 Excess quick reliever use 14 (32.6%) 13 (30.2%) 0.819
 Activity limitations 14 (32.6%) 3 (7.0%) 0.002
ED/hospitalization in past year 23 (53.5%) 12 (27.9%) 0.003
Asthma self-efficacy, mean (SD) 4.1 (0.8) 4.4 (0.5) 0.006
Inhaler technique (% of steps correct), mean (SD) 60% (20) 90% (10) <0.001
Obesity
Weight control
 BMI z-score,a mean (SD) 2.13 (0.40) 1.97 (0.70) 0.002
 BMI percentile, mean (SD) 97.6 (2.2) 96.1 (4.4) 0.011
 Obese (BMI ≥ 95%) 84% 74%  
Nutrition self-efficacy, mean (SD) 3.6 (0.8) 3.9 (0.7) 0.007
Child hemoglobin A1c, mean (SD) 5.6 (1) 5.3 (1.2) 0.027
Child HDL cholesterol, mean (SD) 44.9 (12.3) 52.3 (12.7) 0.013
Child sleep disordered breathing, mean (SD) 2 (2) 1.5 (1.8) 0.027
Caregiver BMI, mean (SD) 34.8 (9.6) 36.2 (10.1) 0.008
Caregiver hemoglobin A1c, mean (SD) 6 (1.3) 5.6 (1.8) 0.012
Caregiver HDL cholesterol, mean (SD) 50.2 (11.4) 54.7 (9.4) 0.036
  1. aPrimary outcomes
  2. No significant changes from baseline to one year for presence of a quick relief or controller medication, controller medication adherence, prednisone use, cotinine level, observed triggers in the home, self-reported physical activity, screen time, accelerometry, food security, self-reported food in the home, observed obesogenic food in the home, child triglyceride, child LDL cholesterol, caregiver triglycerides, and caregiver LDL cholesterol