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Table 2 Children’s behavior during procedural dental sedation related to family social skills and other variables

From: Mother-child interactions and young child behavior during procedural conscious sedation

Variables Median (interquartile range) or n (%) P Effect size
More favorable behavior
(n = 22)
Less favorable behavior
(n = 5)
Children’s characteristics
 Age (months) 55.0 (19.0) 51.0 (31.0) 0.88a 0.03
 Boys 15 (68.2%) 2 (40.0%) 0.25b 0.23
 Attends school 13 (59.1%) 4 (80.0%) 0.36b 0.17
Family aspects     
 Number of siblings 1.0 (2.0) 1.0 (1.0) 0.21a 0.24
 Family income 2.0 (2.0) 3.0 (2.0) 0.08a 0.34
Maternal characteristics
 Age 32.0 (12.0) 30.0 (19.0) 0.98a 0.01
 Completed primary education 17 (81.0%) 4 (80.0%) 0.96b 0.01
 Has a job 9 (40.9%) 4 (80.0%) 0.11b 0.30
Social skills (score)
 Maternal educational social skills 6.5 (3) 7.0 (2) 0.65a 0.09
 Child social skills 8.0 (2) 11.0 (5) 0.15a 0.05
 Context variables 8.5 (4) 11.0 (6) 0.03a 0.12
 Negative educational practices 5.0 (4) 8.0 (6) 0.11a 0.23
 Child behavior problems 6.0 (7) 7.0 (3) 0.93a 0.01
 Total positive scores 26.0 (6.0) 30.0 (12.0) 0.03a 0.05
 Total negative scores 12.5 (9) 18.0 (10.0) 0.34a 0.16
  1. aMann Whitney test
  2. bLikelihood ratio chi-square