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Table 2 Statistical results of qualitative data are shown in Table 2

From: Prediction of spontaneous closure of isolated ventricular septal defects in utero and postnatal life

  

Group 1

Group 2

Group3

P value

n(%)

n(%)

n(%)

 

Delivery

Premature

10/23 (43.5%)

10/23 (43.5%)

3/23 (13.0%)

0.058

 

Mature

32/127 (25.2%)

51/127 (40.2%)

44/127 (34.6%)

 

Gender

Male

18/82 (22.0%)

33/82 (40.2%)

31/82 (37.8%)

0.119

 

Female

24/69 (34.8%)

28/69 (40.6%)

17/69 (24.6%)

 

Location

Perimembranous

34/115 (29.6%)

46/115 (40.0%)

35/115 (30.4%)

0.007*

 

Muscular

0/20 (0%)

11/20 (55.0%)

9/20 (45.0%)

 
 

Subpulmonary

2/3 (66.7%)

0 (0%)

1/3 (33.3%)

 
 

Multiple

2/4 (50.0%)

1/4 (25%)

1/4 (25%)

 

Shunt direction

Left-to-right

39/105 (37.1%)

30/105 (28.6%)

36/105 (34.3%)

0.011*

 

Right-to-left

4/14 (28.6%)

7/14 (50%)

3/14 (21.4%)

 
 

Bilateral

6/28 (21.4%)

17/28 (60.7%)

5/28 (17.9%)

 
 

Not detected

0 (0%)

7/11 (63.6%)

4/11 (36.4%)

 

Maternal disease

No signs of disease

39/129 (30.2%)

50/129 (38.8%)

40/129 (31.0%)

0.350

 

Influenza

5/13 (38.5%)

6/13 (46.2%)

2/13 (15.4%)

 
 

Hyperglycemia

6/14 (42.9%)

3/14 (21.4%)

5/14 (35.7%)

 
 

Hypertension

1/3 (33.3%)

0

2/3 (66.7%)

 
 

Hyperthyreosis

0/1 (0%)

1/1 (100%)

0/1 (0%)