Skip to main content

Table 2 Statistical results of qualitative data are shown in Table 2

From: Prediction of spontaneous closure of isolated ventricular septal defects in utero and postnatal life

   Group 1 Group 2 Group3 P value
n(%) n(%) n(%)  
Delivery Premature 10/23 (43.5%) 10/23 (43.5%) 3/23 (13.0%) 0.058
  Mature 32/127 (25.2%) 51/127 (40.2%) 44/127 (34.6%)  
Gender Male 18/82 (22.0%) 33/82 (40.2%) 31/82 (37.8%) 0.119
  Female 24/69 (34.8%) 28/69 (40.6%) 17/69 (24.6%)  
Location Perimembranous 34/115 (29.6%) 46/115 (40.0%) 35/115 (30.4%) 0.007*
  Muscular 0/20 (0%) 11/20 (55.0%) 9/20 (45.0%)  
  Subpulmonary 2/3 (66.7%) 0 (0%) 1/3 (33.3%)  
  Multiple 2/4 (50.0%) 1/4 (25%) 1/4 (25%)  
Shunt direction Left-to-right 39/105 (37.1%) 30/105 (28.6%) 36/105 (34.3%) 0.011*
  Right-to-left 4/14 (28.6%) 7/14 (50%) 3/14 (21.4%)  
  Bilateral 6/28 (21.4%) 17/28 (60.7%) 5/28 (17.9%)  
  Not detected 0 (0%) 7/11 (63.6%) 4/11 (36.4%)  
Maternal disease No signs of disease 39/129 (30.2%) 50/129 (38.8%) 40/129 (31.0%) 0.350
  Influenza 5/13 (38.5%) 6/13 (46.2%) 2/13 (15.4%)  
  Hyperglycemia 6/14 (42.9%) 3/14 (21.4%) 5/14 (35.7%)  
  Hypertension 1/3 (33.3%) 0 2/3 (66.7%)  
  Hyperthyreosis 0/1 (0%) 1/1 (100%) 0/1 (0%)