Skip to main content

Table 1 Anthropometric, clinical and biochemistry data for 72 severely malnourished children at admission, by presence of edemaa

From: Serum phosphate and magnesium in children recovering from severe acute undernutrition in Ethiopia: an observational study

  Edema No edema P
(n = 50) (n = 22)  
Female sex 24 (48.0) 8 (36.4) 0.36
Age, months 35 ± 14 26 ± 12 0.01
Anthropometric data
 Weight-for-height, z −2.9 ± 1.6 −4.3 ± 0.9 <0.001
 Height-for-age, z −3.0 ± 2.0 −3.9 ± 1.8 0.059
 Mid-upper arm circumference, cm 11.6 ± 1.5 9.5 ± 0.9 <0.001
Clinical data
 Axillary temperature, °C 36.3 ± 0.8 36.0 ± 0.6 0.11
 Respiratory rate, breaths/min 32.1 ± 4.0 32.2 ± 3.3 0.91
 Pulse rate, beats/min 113.4 ± 7.8 114.2 ± 6.6 0.68
 Reported morbidity previous month
  Fever 40 (80.0) 17 (77.3) 0.79
  Malaria 15 (30.0) 6 (27.3) 0.82
  Cough or difficult breathing 15 (30.0) 11 (50.0) 0.10
  Diarrhea 43 (86.0) 19 (86.4) 0.97
  Measles 5 (10.0) 0 (0.0) 0.12
  Morbidity ≥ 1 50 (100) 21 (95.5) 0.13
 Co-diagnoses
  HIV 0 (0.0) 2 (9.1) 0.03
  Tuberculosis 0 (0.0) 3 (13.6) 0.01
  Persistent diarrhea 2 (4.0) 0 (0.0) 0.34
  Pneumonia 13 (26.0) 7 (31.8) 0.61
  Co-diagnoses ≥ 1 15 (30.0) 9 (40.9) 0.37
Biochemistry data
 Serum albumin, g/L 13.6 ± 6.4 24.1 ± 8.4 <0.001
 Serum alpha1-acid glycoprotein, g/L 2.9 ± 0.8 2.7 ± 1.0 0.39
  1. a Values presented are mean ± SD or n (%). In 4 children no blood was obtained at admission. 12 blood samples were not analyzed for alpha1-acid glycoprotein