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Table 3 Multiple logistic regression analyses of bacterial coexistence

From: Nasal carriage of common bacterial pathogens among healthy kindergarten children in Chaoshan region, southern China: a cross-sectional study

Covariate M. catarrhalis S. pneumoniae S. aureus H. parainfluenzae H. influenzae
M. catarrhalis
(n = 663)
n (%) - 168 (73.0) 81 (42.9) 66 (60.0) 10 (50.0)
β 0.6 −1.0 −0.1 −1.0
aOR (95 % CI) 1.9 (1.3–2.8)* 0.4 (0.3–0.6)* 1.0 (0.6–1.7) 0.4 (0.1–1.2)
S. pneumoniae
(n = 230)
n (%) 168 (25.3) - 18 (9.5) 42 (38.2) 3 (15.0)
β 0.7 −1.2 0.6 −1.2
aOR (95 % CI) 2.0 (1.3–3.0)* 0.3 (0.2–0.6)* 1.8 (1.0–3.2)* 0.3 (0.1–1.7)
S. aureus
(n = 189)
n (%) 81 (12.2) 18 (7.8) - 8 (7.3) 2 (10.0)
β −0.9 −1.2 −1.4 −0.2
aOR (95 % CI) 0.4 (0.3–0.6)* 0.3 (0.2–0.6)* 0.2 (0.1–0.6)* 0.8 (0.1–4.3)
H. parainfluenzae
(n = 110)
n (%) 66 (10.0) 42 (18.3) 8 (4.2) - 0 (0)
β 0.1 0.6 −1.3 −17.8
aOR (95 % CI) 1.1 (0.6–1.8) 1.9 (1.1–3.3)* 0.3 (0.1–0.7)* 0 (0-NaN)
H. influenzae
(n = 20)
n (%) 10 (1.5) 3 (1.3) 2 (1.1) 0 (0) -
β −0.9 −0.6 0.1 −19.1
aOR (95 % CI) 0.4 (0.1–1.3) 0.6 (0.1–2.8) 1.1 (0.2–5.4) 0 (0-NaN)
  1. aOR adjusted for age, gender, history of RTI symptoms and antibiotic consumption, education levels of parents, and location of kindergartens
  2. * p < 0.05
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