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Table 2 Clinical outcomes

From: A quality improvement initiative for delayed umbilical cord clamping in very low-birthweight infants

  Cohort 1 (n = 136) Cohort 2 (n = 142) P
Delivery room intubation 78 (57.4 %) 55 (38.7 %) 0.002
Delivery room chest compressions 24 (16.6 %) 9 (6.3 %) 0.004
Delivery room normal saline bolus 1 (0.7 %) 4 (2.8 %) 0.19
Delivery room epinephrine 4 (2.9 %) 4 (2.8 %) 0.95
Normal saline bolus given on first day of life 11 (8.1 %) 6 (4.2 %) 0.18
Transfused PRBC 73 (53.7 %) 51 (35.9 %) 0.003
Hypothermia upon NICU admission 40 (29.4 %) 42 (29.6 %) 0.97
Phototherapy 116 (85.3 %) 124 (87.3 %) 0.62
Ventilation at any time during hospitalization 94 (69.1 %) 78 (54.9 %) 0.015
CPAP at any time during hospitalization 114 (83.8 %) 102 (71.8 %) 0.016
Inotropic support 23 (16.9 %) 17 (12.0 %) 0.24
Intraventricular hemorrhage, any grade 34 (25.0 %) 35 (24.6 %) 0.95
Severe intraventricular hemorrhage 18 (13.2 %) 10 (7.0 %) 0.086
Periventricular leukomalacia 2 (1.5 %) 6 (4.2 %) 0.17
Patent ductus arteriosus 51 (37.5 %) 42 (29.6 %) 0.16
Early onset sepsis 2 (1.5 %) 2 (1.4 %) 0.96
Late onset sepsis 14 (10.3 %) 5 (3.5 %) 0.025
Necrotizing enterocolitis 4 (2.9 %) 11 (7.7 %) 0.076