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Table 1 Participant characteristics

From: The association between physical activity, sedentary behavior, sleep, and body mass index z-scores in different settings among toddlers and preschoolers

Variables Total (n = 100)
Adiposity measure  
 BMI z-scorea 0.5 (0.8)
Movement behaviors inside child care  
 Number of valid weekdaysb 4.6 (0.8)
 Accelerometer wear time (hours/day)b 5.7 (1.5)
 LPA (hours/day)b 1.8 (0.3)
 MVPA (hours/day)b 0.5 (0.3)
 Sedentary time (hours/day)b 3.4 (0.5)
 Sedentary bouts (hours/day) lasting  
  1–4 minb 1.3 (0.2)
  5–9 minb 0.6 (0.2)
  10–14 minb 0.4 (0.2)
   ≥ 15 minb 0.5 (0.3)
 Daytime Sleep (hours/day)c 1.2 (0.9)
Movement behaviors outside of child care  
 MVPA (hours/day)c 1.0 (0.4)
 Screen time (hours/day)c 2.1 (1.1)
 Non-screen time (hours/day)c 1.8 (0.9)
 Nighttime sleep (hours/night)c 10.3 (1.0)
Covariates  
 Age (months)c 38.5 (12.1)
 Sex  
  Femalec 47.0 %
  Malec 53.0 %
 Parental Education  
  Grade 9–12c 11.0 %
  Community/Technical Collegec 22.0 %
  University (e.g., undergraduate, teacher’s college)c 49.0 %
  Graduate University (e.g., master’s, doctorate, medicine)c 18.0 %
  1. Values represent mean (standard deviation) for continuous variables and percentage for categorical variables; BMI body mass index, LPA light physical activity, MVPA moderate-to-vigorous physical activity
  2. aResearcher measured variable; bAccelerometer measured variable; and cParental-questionnaire measured variable