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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: An observational study using ultrasound to assess physiological changes following fluid bolus administration in paediatric sepsis in the emergency department

Inclusion criteria- all of:
 Suspected infection
  Temperature >38 °C or <36 °C
 Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
  Tachycardia (temperature corrected heart rate >2 SD above normal for agea)
  Tachypnoea (respiratory rate >2 SD above normal for age)
 Plan to administer a standardised fluid bolus by the treating clinician
  Standardised fluid bolus: 20 ml/kg of 0.9 % saline administered via manual push/pull or pressure bag (NOT by infusion pump).
Exclusion criteria- any of:
 Underlying uncorrected structural cardiac disease
 Non-curative goals of therapy
 Non-English speaking
  1. aheart rate was corrected by 10 beats per minute for every degree celcius above 38o [55]