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Table 2 Provider and practice factors categorized by the number of TI attempts (n = 2080)

From: The number of tracheal intubation attempts matters! A prospective multi-institutional pediatric observational study

  1 attempt (n = 1256) 2 attempts (n = 503) ≥ 3 attempts (n = 321) p-value
1st attempt provider
 Pediatric Resident 161 (13 %) 164 (33 %) 123 (38 %) <0.001
 Critical Care Fellow 578 (46 %) 175 (35 %) 110 (34 %)  
 Critical Care Attending 196 (16 %) 54 (11 %) 20 (6 %)  
 Other/unspecified 321 (25 %) 110 (21 %) 68 (22 %)  
Method
 Oral 1196 (95 %) 488 (97 %) 316 (98 %) 0.01
 Nasal 60 (5 %) 15 (3 %) 5 (2 %)  
Medication  
 Vagolytic 503 (40 %) 206 (41 %) 162 (50 %) 0.003
 Fentanyl 796 (63 %) 337 (67 %) 199 (62 %) 0.26
 Midazolam 749 (60 %) 319 (63 %) 201 (63 %) 0.28
 Ketamine 398 (32 %) 141 (28 %) 100 (31 %) 0.32
 Propofol 89 (7 %) 29 (6 %) 11 (3 %) 0.047
 Etomidate 15 (1 %) 5 (1 %) 4 (1 %) 0.93
 Neuromuscular blockade 1156 (92 %) 466 (93 %) 298 (93 %) 0.85