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Table 2 Socio-demographic and economic characteristics of respondents included in the analysis, 2011 EDHS

From: Exploring spatial variations and factors associated with childhood stunting in Ethiopia: spatial and multilevel analysis

Variables Weighted Frequency Weighted Percent
Place of residence   
 Urban 1,528 12.9
 Rural 10,344. 87.1
Maternal education   
 No formal education 8,227 69.3
 Primary 3,211 27.0
 Secondary 266 2.2
 Higher 168 1.4
Father’s education level   
 No education 5,878 50.22
 Primary 4,866 41.58
 Secondary 584 4.99
 Higher 376 3.22
Wealth index   
 Richest 2,173 15.1
 Richer 1,870 19.1
 Middle 1,872 20.5
 Poorer 2,114 22.4
 Poorest 3,625 22.8
Child’s age(months)   
 0–11 1,060 11.43
 12–23 1,833 19.76
 24–35 1,963 21.17
 36–47 2,264 24.41
 48–59 2,154 23.23
Sex   
 Female 5,704 48.05
 Male 6,168 51.95
Anemia   
 Non-anemic 4,983 55.40
 Mild 1,953 21.71
 Moderate 1,839 20.44
 Severe 220 2.45
Mother’s BMI (kg/m2)   
 18.5–24.9 8,605 72.61
 <18.5 2,470 20.84
 > = 25.0 776 6.55
Birth interval   
 <24 months 2,275 23.73
 > = 24 months 7,313 76.27
Head of household   
 Female 1,767 14.88
 Male 10,105 85.12
Region   
 Dire Dawa 39 0.3
 Tigray 753 6.3
 Affar 121 1.0
 Amhara 2,656 22.4
 Oromiya 5,014 42.2
 Somali 364 3.1
 Benishangul-Gumuz 140 1.2
 SNNP 2,494 21.0
 Gambela 40 0.3
 Harari 28 0.2
 Addis Ababa 222 1.9
Improved latrine facility   
 Yes 860 7.46
 No 10,668 92.54
Drinking water supply   
 Piped water 616 10.36
 Other improved 1,084 18.24
 Unimproved 4,243 71.39