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Table 4 Affordability: number of days' wage of lowest paid unskilled government worker makes to purchase standard treatments

From: Availability and affordability of essential medicines for children in the Western part of Ethiopia: implication for access

Conditions Drug name, strength, dosage form Treatment schedule Days wages to pay for treatment
Public sector Private sector
Typhoid fever Chloramphenicol 1gm vial 25 mg/kg * 14.5 kg every 6 hours P.O. for 14 days = 20300 mg = 20.3gm 21vial [26]. 8.7 10.2
Asthma Salbutamol 100 mcg/dose inhaler 1 inhaler of 200doses [27]. 1.5 2.9
Dysentery Cotrimoxazole 40 mg + 200 mg/5 ml Suspension 24 mg/kg * 14.5 kg BID for 5 days = 3480 mg.72.5 ml total for five days [27]. 0.4 0.5
Severe Pneumonia Penicillin G 1 million IU vial 50 000 units/kg a14.5 kg IV every 4 hours for at least 3 days = 13.05 millions of IU = 14vial for three days [27]. 3.1 3.4
Acute otitis media Amoxicillin 250 mg/5 ml Suspension 250 mg/5 ml P.O. TID for 10 days for children above 6 years of age = 150 ml [27]. 1.6 1.8
Acute rhinosinusitis Amoxicillin- Clav 156 mg/5 ml 156 mg/5 ml P.O. TID for 10dys = 150 ml [27]. 2.5 5.9
Acute bacterial tonsillitis Amoxicillin- Clav 156 mg/5 ml 156 mg/5 ml P.O. BID for ten days = 150 ml [27]. 2.5 5.9
Dehydration ORS to make 1litre Moderate dehydration 75 ml/kg * 14.5 = 1087.5 [27]. 0.3 0.5
Infections due to susceptible organism Ceftriaxone 500 mg vial Child under 50 kg maximum 1gm for 7 days [27]. 5.8 30.7
Pain/managenment Paracetamol 125 mg/5 ml Suspension 5 year old child: 15 mg/kg*14.5 kg*4*3 = 104.4 ml [27]. 0.8 0.8
  1. *Weight of average 5 year old child in Ethiopia = 14.5 kg [13, 34]
  2. P.O. per oral, BID two times per a day, TID three times per a day