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Table 3 Median price ratios of thirteen lowest priced medicines in the public and private sectors (n = 13)

From: Availability and affordability of essential medicines for children in the Western part of Ethiopia: implication for access

Medicine name Lowest price medicines MPR (25th-75th percentile)
  Public sector Private sector
Amoxicillin Suspension 125 mg 1.24(1.14–1.240) 2.07(1.87–2.07)
Amoxicillin Suspension 250 mg 1.47(1.34–1.54) 1.67(1.67– 1.89)
Amoxicillin- Clav Suspension 125 mg 0.62(0.48–0.98) 1.52(1.42–1.52)
Amoxicillin- Clav Suspension 250 mg N/A 1.05(0.91–1.11)
Chloramphenicol 1 gm vial 0.93(0.86–1.10) 1.10(1.10–1.10)
Ceftriaxone 500 mg vial 0.95(0.89 – 1.03) 5.02(4.47–5.02)
Cotrimoxazole 40 mg + 200 mg/5 ml Suspension 1.20(1.20–1.40) 1.49(1.40–1.59)
ORS to make 1000 ml soln. 1.53(1.15– 1.93) 2.55(1.78–2.55)
Paracetamol 120 mg/5 ml Syrup 1.17(0.90–1.32) 1.23(0.87–1.47)
Paracetamol 125 mg Suppository 0.58(0.49–0.59) 0.58(0.58–0.93)
Penicillin G 1 million IU 2.86(2.05–3.31) 3.15(2.84–3.15)
Procaine Penicillin G 4million IU 1.27(1.14–1.41) 1.84(1.63 – 2.04)
Salbutamol 100 mcg/dose inhaler 0.80(0.80–1.00) 1.54(1.16– 10.27)