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Table 2 Demographic and baseline characteristics between the experimental and control groups for the two age groups of 3 to 7 years and 8 to 12 years

From: Play interventions to reduce anxiety and negative emotions in hospitalized children

  n (%) χ 2 p n (%) χ 2 p
  Ages 3-7 Ages 8-12
  Experimental (n = 103) Control (n = 79) Experimental (n = 51) Control (n = 71)
Gender
Male 58 (56.0) 44 (56.0) 0.02 0.89 ns 29 (56.9) 43 (60.5) 0.14 0.61 ns
Female 45 (44.0) 35 (44.0)    22 (43.1) 28 (39.5)   
Diagnosis
 Respiratory problem 37 (35.9) 28 (35.5) 0.08 0.99 ns 21 (41.1) 28 (39.4) 0.15 0.97 ns
 Gastroenterology problem 23 (22.3) 17 (21.5)    14 (27.5) 19 (26.8)   
 Genitourinary problem 13 (12.6) 11 (13.9)    8 (15.7) 13 (18.3)   
 Household accident 12 (11.7) 9 (11.4)    3 (5.9) 4 (5.6)   
 Fever for investigation 18 (17.5) 14 (17.7)    5 (9.8) 7 (9.9)   
Number of hospital admissions
 1 57 (55.3) 39 (49.4) 0.05 0.86 ns 27 (52.9) 38 (53.5) 0.03 0.74 ns
 2-3 31 (30.1) 27 (34.2)    14 (27.5) 24 (33.8)   
 4-5 10 (9.7) 9 (11.4)    7 (13.7) 5 (7.1)   
 6 or above 5 (4.9) 4 (5.0)    3 (5.9) 4 (5.6)   
  M (SD) t p M (SD) t p
Age 4.7 (1.4) 4.5 (1.5) −0.98 0.33 ns 9.8 (1.3) 10.9 (2.1) −0.55 0.59 ns
Mean anxiety scores 6.7 (2.4) 6.9 (2.5) 0.75 0.46 ns 22.5 (4.3) 23.1 (4.5) 0.30 0.77 ns
  1. Notes: ns= Not significant at p > 0.05