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Table 2 Correlations between cardiometabolic risk factors and anthropometric measurements according to gender

From: Neck circumference as a predictor of metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance and low-grade systemic inflammation in children: the ACFIES study

  Z-score BMI Z-score WC Waist to hip ratio Waist to height ratio
  Total Girls Boys Total Girls Boys Total Girls Boys Total Girls Boys
FPG (mg/dl) 0.08 0.10 0.06 0.10* 0.13* 0.08 -0.04 -0.08 -0.07 0.02 0.01 0.02
HDL-C (mg/dl) -0.12* -0.09 -0.15* -0.16** -0.10 -0.21** 0.02 0.01 -0.02 -0.06 -0.08 -0.07
TG (mg/dl) 0.16** 0.15* 0.17* 0.23** 0.19* 0.25** 0.10* 0.12* 0.20** 0.15** 0.15* 0.19**
SBP (mmHg) 0.29** 0.28** 0.30** 0.31** 0.31** 0.33** 0.08* 0.01 0.04 0.21** 0.17* 0.21**
DBP (mmHg) 0.35** 0.36** 0.33** 0.35** 0.33** 0.37** 0.06 -0.03 0.17* 0.29** 0.26** 0.33**
hs-CRP (mg/dl) 0.15* 0.19* 0.12* 0.15** 0.21** 0.09 0.04 0.12* 0.01 0.14** 0.22** 0.08
Insulin (Ul/ml) 0.27** 0.28** 0.27** 0.29** 0.23** 0.33** 0.06 0.06 0.23** 0.24** 0.21** 0.34**
HOMA-IR 0.27** 0.27** 0.26** 0.29** 0.24** 0.33** 0.05 0.03 0.21** 0.24** 0.20* 0.33**
  %BF – BIA %BF - Skinfold Neck Circumference    
  Total Girls Boys Total Girls Boys Total Girls Boys    
FPG (mg/dl) 0.01 0.09 -0.03 0.06 0.10 0.04 0.20** 0.19** 0.19**    
HDL-C (mg/dl) -0.09* -0.12* -0.02 -0.12* -0.11* -0.13* -0.19** -0.12* -0.29**    
TG (mg/dl) 0.18** 0.13* 0.17* 0.15** 0.09 0.19** 0.11* 0.10 0.18*    
SBP (mg/dl) 0.17** 0.26** 0.20** 0.24** 0.25** 0.23** 0.39** 0.34** 0.42**    
DBP (mg/dl) 0.33** 0.39** 0.32** 0.35** 0.41** 0.30** 0.29** 0.29** 0.31**    
hs-CRP (mg/dl) 0.11* 0.18* 0.05 0.16** 0.18* 0.15* 0.15** 0.17* 0.15*    
Insulin (Ul/ml) 0.30** 0.24** 0.29** 0.28** 0.21** 0.33** 0.19** 0.22** 0.25**    
HOMA-IR 0.28** 0.24** 0.27** 0.28** 0.23** 0.32** 0.21** 0.23** 0.27**    
  1. *Spearman’s correlation coefficient p < 0.05. **Spearman’s correlation coefficient p < 0.001
  2. BMI body mass index, WC waist circumference, %BF-BIA body fat percentage – bioelectrical impedance analysis, %BF-Skinfold body fat percentage – skinfolds, FPG fasting plasma glucose, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, TG triglycerides, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, hs-CRP high sensitivity C-reactive protein