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Table 2 Characteristics of respondents by depression according to clinical assessment (n = 100)

From: Validating the Children’s Depression Inventory in the context of Rwanda

Characteristic Depressed n = 25 Not Depressed n = 75 p-value* (degrees of freedom)
n % n %
Sex      0.247 (1)
 Male 8 18.6 35 81.4  
 Female 17 29.8 40 70.2
Education level      0.108 (2)
 Primary 24 25.8 69 74.2  
 Secondary 0 0 6 100
 Vocational 1 100 0 0
Residence      0.331 (1)
 Urban 6 18.2 27 81.8  
 Rural 19 28.4 48 71.6
Province      <0.001 (4)
 East 2 10.0 18 90.0  
 Kigali City 1 5.0 19 95.0
 North 2 10.0 18 90.0
 South 5 25.0 15 75.0
 West 15 75.0 5 25.0
Orphan status     0.790 (2)
 No 10 28.6 25 71.4  
 Yes – single orphan 10 21.7 36 78.3
 Yes – double orphan 5 26.3 14 73.7
  1. *Due to the small sample size Fisher’s exact test was used