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Table 2 Frequency of primary and overall diagnoses for 1137 admissions, Malawi 2004–2010

From: Hospital admissions from a pediatric HIV care and treatment program in Malawi

  Primary diagnosis N (%) All diagnoses N (%)
Malnutrition 302 (26.6 %) 401 (13.6 %)
Pneumonia 212 (18.6 %) 402 (13.6 %)
Malaria 112 (9.9 %) 233 (7.9 %)
Gastroenteritis 68 (6.0 %) 294 (10.0 %)
Sepsis 68 (6.0 %) 330 (11.2 %)
Other Infection 53 (4.7 %) 86 (2.9 %)
PCP Pneumonia 48 (4.2 %) 74 (2.5 %)
Tuberculosis 45 (4.0 %) 150 (5.1 %)
Kaposi Sarcoma 43 (3.8 %) 66 (2.2 %)
Anemia 38 (3.3 %) 174 (5.9 %)
Neurologic 28 (2.5 %) 78 (2.6 %)
Oncologic 19 (1.7 %) 21 (0.7 %)
Pulmonary (including LIP) 16 (1.4 %) 38 (1.3 %)
Medication Adverse Effect 15 (1.3 %) 18 (0.6 %)
Candidiasis 8 (0.7 %) 393 (13.3 %)
Hematologic 5 (0.4 %) 78 (2.6 %)
Cryptococcal Meningitis 4 (0.4 %) 5 (0.2 %)
Other 36 (3.2 %) 95 (3.2 %)
Unknown 17 (1.5 %) 17 (0.6 %)
TOTAL 1137 (100 %) 2951 (100 %)