Skip to main content

Table 3 Factors associated with anemia among 6–59 months aged children in Bangladesh

From: Determinants of anemia among 6–59 months aged children in Bangladesh: evidence from nationally representative data

  Simple Logistic Regression Multivariable Logistic Regression
Variables OR 95 % CI P-value OR 95 % CI P-value
Household characteristics       
Number of HH members       
 ≤4 1    - - -
 5-8 1.05 0.87-1.28 0.582 - - -
 ≥9 0.99 0.76-1.28 0.923 - - -
Number of under-5 children       
 One 1    - - -
 More than one 1.01 0.85-1.20 0.907 - - -
Number of living children       
 1 1      
 2 0.80 0.65-0.99 0.043 1.01 0.78-1.31 0.929
 3 0.89 0.69-1.14 0.351 1.13 0.81-1.56 0.473
 >3 0.92 0.72-1.18 0.499 1.19 0.81-1.74 0.381
Toilet facilities       
 Improved 1    1   
 Non-improved 1.34 1.13-1.59 <0.001 1.03 0.83-1.27 0.811
Water source       
 Improved 1    1   
 Non-improved 2.30 1.25-4.44 <0.01 2.48 1.28-5.02 <0.01
Wealth index       
 Poor 1    1   
 Middle 0.76 0.61-0.93 <0.01 0.74 0.57-0.95 0.018
 Rich 0.56 0.45-0.69 <0.001 0.66 0.48-0.92 0.013
Parental characteristics       
Maternal age (years)       
 <20 1    1   
 20-29 0.50 0.38-0.66 <0.01 0.76 0.54-1.07 0.122
 30-39 0.46 0.34-0.63 <0.01 0.71 0.46-1.10 0.123
 ≥40 0.52 0.30-0.90 0.019 0.68 0.34-1.38 0.286
Maternal education       
 No education 1.78 1.22-2.61 <0.01 1.23 0.71-2.14 0.468
 Primary 1.86 1.30-2.67 <0.01 1.15 0.69-1.92 0.589
 Secondary 1.72 1.21-2.46 <0.01 1.10 0.70-1.75 0.670
 Higher 1    1   
Father's education       
 No education 1.45 1.09-1.94 0.010 1.02 0.66-1.56 0.943
 Primary 1.73 1.30-2.30 <0.001 1.25 0.84-1.85 0.276
 Secondary 1.47 1.10-1.96 <0.01 1.24 0.86-1.80 0.252
 Higher 1    1   
Maternal anemia       
 Anemic 1.93 1.62-2.29 <0.001 1.80 1.49-2.18 <0.001
 Not anemic 1    1   
Mother’s BMI       
 <18.5 kg/m2 1.43 1.19-1.72 <0.001 1.07 0.86-1.33 0.554
 ≥18.5 kg/m2 1    1   
Child’s characteristics       
Sex of children       
 Male 1    - - -
 Female 0.92 0.78-1.09 0.320 - - -
Age of the children (months)       
 6-23 months 3.31 2.73-4.02 <0.001 3.01 2.38-3.81 <0.001
 24-59 months 1    1   
Size of children at birth       
 Large 1    - - -
 Average 0.89 0.69-1.13 0.341 - - -
 Small 0.89 0.66-1.20 0.448 - - -
Continuous breastfeeding       
 No 1    1   
 Yes 2.13 1.78-2.55 <0.001 1.18 0.95-1.47 0.143
Diarrhea in last 2 weeks       
 No 1    - - -
 Yes 1.20 0.83-1.75 0.328 - - -
Fever in last 2 weeks       
 No 1    1   
 Yes 1.28 1.07-1.52 <0.01 1.13 0.93-1.37 0.229
Stunting       
 No (HAZ ≥ −2 SD) 1    1   
 Yes (HAZ < −2 SD) 1.41 1.19-1.68 <0.001 1.38 1.13-1.69 <0.01
Under-weight       
 No (WAZ ≥ −2 SD) 1    - - -
 Yes (WAZ < −2 SD) 1.10 0.92-1.31 0.306 - - -
 Wasting       
 No (WHZ ≥ −2 SD) 1    - - -
 Yes (WHZ < −2 SD) 0.96 0.76-1.21 0.723 - - -
Community characteristics       
Place of residence       
 Urban 1    1   
 Rural 1.21 1.01-1.46 0.039 0.93 0.74-1.17 0.517
Division       
 Barisal 1    1   
 Chittagong 0.77 0.56-1.07 0.120 0.72 0.50-1.05 0.087
 Dhaka 0.64 0.46-0.89 <0.01 0.63 0.43-0.92 0.016
 Khulna 0.83 0.58-1.19 0.309 0.97 0.64-1.45 0.865
 Rajshahi 0.68 0.48-0.97 0.035 0.74 0.49-1.10 0.135
 Rangpur 0.97 0.69-1.38 0.878 0.94 0.64-1.40 0.769
 Sylhet 0.66 0.47-0.91 0.012 0.61 0.41-0.89 0.011