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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of selected variables

From: Determinants of anemia among 6–59 months aged children in Bangladesh: evidence from nationally representative data

Variables Weighted Estimate (Mean/Proportion) 95 % CI
Anemia (Hb < 11.0 g/dl)   
 No 48.1 45.5-50.6
 Yes 51.9 49.4-54.5
Household characteristics   
Number of HH members   
 ≤4 31.5 28.7-34.2
 5-8 54.2 51.4-57.1
 ≥9 14.3 12.0-16.7
Number of under-5 children   
 One 60.9 57.8-64.0
 More than one 39.1 36.0-42.2
Number of living children 2.4 2.3-2.5
 1 28.5 26.1-31.0
 2 32.9 30.3-35.4
 3 19.5 17.3-21.8
 >3 19.1 16.7-21.4
Toilet facilities   
 Improved 51.0 47.7-54.4
 Non-improved 49.0 45.6-52.3
Water source   
 Improved 98.4 97.7-99.2
 Non-improved 1.6 0.9-2.3
Wealth index   
 Poor 37.1 33.9-40.4
 Middle 31.8 29.0-34.5
 Rich 31.1 28.0-34.2
Parental characteristics   
Maternal age (years)   
 <20 12.4 10.8-14.1
 20-29 62.2 59.7-64.7
 30-39 22.4 20.1-24.7
 ≥40 3.0 2.1-3.9
Maternal education   
 No education 20.3 17.9-22.7
 Primary 33.2 30.3-36.1
 Secondary 39.9 36.6-43.1
 Higher 6.6 5.3-7.9
Father's education   
 No education 29.9 27.1-32.8
 Primary 30.4 27.8-32.9
 Secondary 27.8 25.3-30.3
 Higher 11.9 10.2-13.7
Maternal anemia   
 Anemic 44.1 41.3-47.0
 Not anemic 55.9 53.0-58.7
Mother’s BMI   
 <18.5 kg/m2 30.2 27.4-33.0
 ≥18.5 kg/m2 69.8 67.0-72.6
Child’s characteristics   
Sex of children   
 Male 51.0 48.4-53.5
 Female 49.0 46.5-51.5
Age of the children (months)   
 6-23 months 32.8 30.8-34.9
 24-59 months 67.2 65.1-69.2
Size of children at birth   
 Large 13.3 11.5-15.1
 Average 68.5 66.2-70.9
 Small 18.2 16.3-20.1
Continuous breastfeeding   
 No 36.1 33.5-38.7
 Yes 63.9 61.3-66.6
Diarrhea in last 2 weeks   
 No 94.9 93.8-96.0
 Yes 5.1 4.0-6.2
Fever in last 2 weeks   
 No 61.3 58.9-63.8
 Yes 38.7 36.2-41.1
Stunting   
 No (HAZ ≥ −2 SD) 57.8 55.0-60.7
 Yes (HAZ < −2 SD) 42.2 39.4-45.0
Under-weight   
 No (WAZ ≥ −2 SD) 61.8 59.0-64.6
 Yes (WAZ < −2 SD) 38.3 35.4-41.1
Wasting   
 No (WHZ ≥ −2 SD) 83.6 81.8-85.5
 Yes (WHZ < −2 SD) 16.4 14.5-18.2
Community characteristics   
Place of residence   
 Urban 21.2 18.6-23.7
 Rural 78.8 76.3-81.4
Division   
 Barisal 5.4 3.9-7.0
 Chittagong 22.2 17.4-26.9
 Dhaka 30.7 25.2-36.2
 Khulna 9.4 6.9-11.8
 Rajshahi 12.7 9.5-16.0
 Rangpur 11.5 8.6-14.4
 Sylhet 8.1 5.8-10.4
  1. WAZ (Weight for Age Z-score), HAZ (Height for Age Z-score), and WHZ (Weight for Height Z-score) was calculated with WHO Anthro and WHO Child Growth Standards