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Table 5 Total nutrient intake over tertiles dairy consumption in children aged 14–18 years

From: The association of dairy intake of children and adolescents with different food and nutrient intakes in the Netherlands

  Non-dairy consumers Tertile 1 Tertile 2 Tertile 3 Overall
Per tertile dairy Estimate St. error Estimate St. error Estimate St. error Estimate St. Error p-value Estimate St. error p for trend p for trend energy corrected
N 21   228   229   228    706    
Consumed quantity (g) 2491 161 3.3 169 139 170 398 169 0.02 0.83 0.15 <.0001 0.04
Energy (kcal) 1879 150 335 157 441 158 726 157 <.0001 0.92 0.14 <.0001 xx
Total protein(g) 60.6 4.7 8.8 5.0 16.0 5.0 30.9 5.0 <.0001 0.05 0.004 <.0001 <.0001
Vegetable protein(g) 28.2 2.2 2.0 2.3 2.3 2.3 5.5 2.3 0.02 0.008 0.002 0.0002 0.08
Animal protein(g) 30.9 3.7 8.1 3.9 15.1 3.9 26.7 3.9 <.0001 0.04 0.003 <.0001 <.0001
Total fat(g) 71.0 7.3 13.9 7.7 17.2 7.7 25.0 7.6 0.001 0.03 0.007 <.0001 0.00
Saturated fatty acids(g) 22.0 2.7 8.7 2.8 10.0 2.8 15.4 2.8 <.0001 0.02 0.003 <.0001 0.03
Mono-unsaturated fatty acids cis(g) 27.3 2.9 3.2 3.0 4.2 3.0 6.0 3.0 0.047 0.007 0.003 0.01 <.0001
Poly-unsaturated fatty acids(g) 15.5 1.78 1.27 1.87 1.86 1.88 1.89 1.87 0.31 0.002 0.002 0.31 <.0001
Trans fatty acids(g) 1.11 0.16 0.17 0.17 0.25 0.17 0.41 0.17 0.02 0.0005 0.15 0.0004 0.69
N-3 fish fatty acids (EPA + DHA.mg) 41.6 49.9 55.0 52.4 21.9 52.5 60.1 52.3 0.25 0.02 0.05 0.60 0.64
Total carbohydrates(g) 223 18.2 53.4 19.1 62.6 19.2 99.2 19.1 <.0001 0.11 0.02 <.0001 0.13
Mono- and disaccharides(g) 94.5 11.6 41.9 12.2 45.2 12.2 71.9 12.2 <.0001 0.08 0.01 <.0001 0.001
Polysaccharides(g) 129 10.1 11.5 10.6 17.5 10.6 27.4 10.6 0.01 0.04 0.009 0.0001 0.002
Fibre(g) 16.4 1.38 1.83 1.45 2.6 1.45 5.1 1.45 0.0004 0.007 0.001 <.0001 0.08
Alcohol(g) 9.7 3.9 −6.2 4.12 −5.1 4.1 −4.7 4.1 0.26 0.001 0.004 0.71 0.02
Calcium(mg) 374 67.1 296 70.6 553 70.7 1026 70.4 <.0001 1.63 0.06 <.0001 <.0001
Copper(mg) 0.99 0.08 0.07 0.08 0.12 0.08 0.24 0.08 0.00 0.000 0.07 <.0001 0.79
Iron(mg) 8.9 0.65 0.23 0.68 0.62 0.69 1.58 0.68 0.02 0.003 0.61 <.0001 0.64
Folate equivalents(μg) 160 19.5 43.9 20.5 55.9 20.5 108 20.5 <.0001 0.15 0.02 <.0001 <.0001
Iodine(μg) 149 12.6 2.4 13.3 16.9 13.3 51.6 13.3 0.0001 0.10 0.01 <.0001 <.0001
Potassium(mg) 2217 179 296 188 697 189 1336 188 <.0001 2.3 0.17 <.0001 <.0001
Magnesium(mg) 241 19.9 18.5 21.0 55.4 21.0 113 20.9 <.0001 0.21 0.02 <.0001 <.0001
Sodium(mg) 2312 187 264 196 348 197 607 196 0.002 0.80 0.18 <.0001 0.63
Phosphorus(mg) 981 86.9 212 91.4 438 91.5 836 91.2 <.0001 1.38 0.08 <.0001 <.0001
Selenium(μg) 36.9 3.1 2.3 3.3 3.4 3.3 7.9 3.3 0.02 0.01 0.003 <.0001 0.45
Zinc(mg) 8.5 0.67 0.25 0.70 1.03 0.71 3.0 0.70 <.0001 0.006 0.63 <.0001 <.0001
Retinol activity equivalents(μg) 471 161 189 169 209 170 289 169 0.09 0.27 0.15 0.08 0.64
Vitamin B1(mg) 0.94 0.11 0.10 0.12 0.14 0.12 0.29 0.12 0.02 0.0004 0.11 <.0001 0.05
Vitamin B2(mg) 0.83 0.13 0.26 0.14 0.61 0.14 1.33 0.14 <.0001 0.002 0.13 <.0001 <.0001
Vitamin B6(mg) 1.77 0.22 0.07 0.24 0.19 0.24 0.47 0.24 0.05 0.001 0.21 <.0001 0.12
Vitamin B12(μg) 2.1 0.45 0.96 0.47 1.56 0.47 3.0 0.47 <.0001 0.005 0.43 <.0001 <.0001
Vitamin C(mg) 75.2 12.5 19.5 13.1 17.8 13.2 28.2 13.1 0.03 0.02 0.01 0.04 0.28
Vitamin D(μg) 1.97 0.36 0.72 0.38 0.79 0.38 1.11 0.38 0.003 0.001 0.34 0.002 0.59
Vitamin E(mg) 11.5 1.52 1.26 1.60 1.83 1.60 2.2 1.59 0.17 0.002 0.001 0.10 0.01
  1. A p-value of 0.05 was considered significant
  2. Tertile 1,2 and 3 represent respectively the lowest, medium and highest dairy consumers
  3. P for trend is the p for trend over non-consumers and all three tertiles