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Table 3 Total nutrient intake over tertiles dairy consumption in children aged 7–13 years

From: The association of dairy intake of children and adolescents with different food and nutrient intakes in the Netherlands

  Non-dairy consumers Tertile 1 Tertile 2 Tertile 3 Overall
Per tertile dairy Estimate St. error Estimate St. error Estimate St. error Estimate St. error p-value Estimate St. error p for trend p for trend energy corrected
N 17   330   330   330    1007   1007 1007
Consumed quantity(g) 1836 125 150 128 270 128 465 128 0.0003 0.48 0.06 <.0001 <.0001
Energy (kcal) 1852 120 128 122 210 122 392 122 0.001 0.40 0.05 <.0001 <.0001
Total protein(g) 48.9 4.6 8.2 4.7 17.7 4.7 27.8 4.7 <.0001 0.03 0.002 <.0001 <.0001
Vegetable protein(g) 27.6 1.96 −2.5 2.0 −1.8 2.0 −0.54 2.0 0.79 0.003 0.001 0.003 0.03
Animal protein(g) 21.4 3.9 10.6 4.0 19.3 4.0 28.2 4.0 <.0001 0.03 0.002 <.0001 0.29
Total fat(g) 66.7 6.5 9.9 6.7 11.0 6.7 15.3 6.7 0.02 0.009 0.003 0.002 <.0001
Saturated fatty acids(g) 19.7 2.6 8.2 2.6 9.4 2.6 12.7 2.6 <.0001 0.007 0.001 <.0001 0.37
Mono-unsaturated fatty acids cis(g) 26.5 2.6 1.54 2.6 1.05 2.6 1.72 2.6 0.51 0.0004 0.001 0.75 <.0001
Poly-unsaturated fatty acids(g) 15.9 1.59 −1.27 1.62 −1.21 1.62 −1.31 1.63 0.42 0.0002 0.001 0.80 <.0001
Trans fatty acids(g) 0.56 0.19 0.00 0.19 0.67 0.19 0.85 0.19 <.0001 0.0004 0.000 <.0001 0.048
N-3 fish fatty acids (EPA + DHA.mg) 28.7 53.7 21.4 54.9 72.6 54.9 41.5 54.9 0.45 0.03 0.02 0.15 0.31
Total carbohydrates(g) 256 16.4 1.23 16.7 9.3 16.7 33.7 16.7 0.04 0.05 0.007 <.0001 0.80
Mono- and disaccharides(g) 135 11.7 −1.25 12.0 7.0 12.0 26.2 12.0 0.03 0.04 0.005 <.0001 0.00
Polysaccharides(g) 120 8.5 2.6 8.70 2.4 8.7 7.6 8.7 0.38 0.008 0.004 0.047 <.0001
Fibre(g) 15.3 1.23 −0.23 1.25 1.06 1.25 2.4 1.26 0.053 0.004 0.001 <.0001 0.00
Alcohol(g) 0.00 0.08 0.04 0.08 0.02 0.08 0.05 0.08 0.56 0.000 0.000 0.74 0.77
Calcium(mg) 387 67.7 231 69.2 485 69.2 887 69.2 <.0001 0.99 0.03 <.0001 <.0001
Copper(mg) 0.87 0.07 0.02 0.07 0.08 0.07 0.14 0.07 0.04 0.000 0.0003 <.0001 0.47
Iron(mg) 8.2 0.64 −0.31 0.66 0.21 0.66 0.90 0.66 0.17 0.002 0.0003 <.0001 0.11
Folate equivalents(μg) 135 19.8 27.8 20.3 47.9 20.3 77.7 20.3 0.0001 0.08 0.009 <.0001 <.0001
Iodine(μg) 107 12.9 21.2 13.2 43.5 13.2 64.1 13.2 <.0001 0.07 0.006 <.0001 <.0001
Potassium(mg) 2075 168 74.5 171 460 171 942 171 <.0001 1.29 0.07 <.0001 <.0001
Magnesium(mg) 225 16.9 −9.3 17.2 21.1 17.2 68.5 17.3 <.0001 0.11 0.008 <.0001 0.0004
Sodium(mg) 1802 184 405 188 494 188 636 189 0.0008 0.38 0.08 <.0001 0.61
Phosphorus(mg) 788 73.2 204 74.8 443 74.8 751 74.8 <.0001 0.83 0.03 <.0001 <.0001
Selenium(μg) 25.2 3.3 6.5 3.4 9.9 3.4 11.8 3.4 0.0004 0.009 0.001 <.0001 0.02
Zinc(mg) 5.8 0.71 1.53 0.72 2.5 0.72 3.9 0.72 <.0001 0.004 0.0003 <.0001 <.0001
Retinol activity equivalents(μg) 445 131 89.1 134 216 134 283 134 0.04 0.30 0.06 <.0001 0.004
Vitamin B1(mg) 0.89 0.12 −0.02 0.13 0.09 0.13 0.17 0.13 0.17 0.000 0.0001 <.0001 0.02
Vitamin B2(mg) 0.71 0.12 0.26 0.12 0.66 0.12 1.22 0.12 <.0001 0.001 0.0001 <.0001 <.0001
Vitamin B6(mg) 1.29 0.21 0.16 0.22 0.33 0.22 0.50 0.22 0.02 0.001 0.0001 <.0001 0.002
Vitamin B12(μg) 1.27 0.44 1.15 0.45 2.3 0.45 3.3 0.45 <.0001 0.003 0.0002 <.0001 <.0001
Vitamin C(mg) 98 12.5 −14.6 12.7 −14.4 12.7 −18.2 12.8 0.16 −0.006 0.006 0.24 0.001
Vitamin D(μg) 1.83 0.38 0.37 0.39 0.80 0.38 0.88 0.39 0.02 0.001 0.0002 <.0001 0.08
Vitamin E(mg) 11.9 1.26 −0.94 1.29 −0.54 1.29 −0.35 1.29 0.79 0.001 0.001 0.15 0.01
  1. A p-value of 0.05 was considered significant
  2. Tertile 1,2 and 3 represent respectively the lowest, medium and highest dairy consumers
  3. P for trend is the p for trend over non-consumers and all three tertiles