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Table 6 Uptake of interventions associated with malnutrition in 371 children attending PML hospital in Accra, Ghana

From: Factors affecting malnutrition in children and the uptake of interventions to prevent the condition

Characteristic   Crude OR [95 % CI] p-value Adjusted OR [95 % CI]2 p-value
Age category     
  ≤24 months 3.32 [1.40-8.73] 0.003 1.90 [0.38-9.48] 0.431
  25-59 months 1.00   1.00  
Monthly family income     
  ≤200 GH Cedis1 4.20 [2.41-7.48] <0.001 1.98 [0.65-6.01] 0.229
  >200 GH Cedis1 1.00   1.00  
Number of antenatal visits     
  Inadequate/none 4.72 [2.21-10.96] <0.001 4.31 [1.01-19.12] 0.049
  Adequate 1.00   1.00  
Number of postnatal visits     
  < Two visits 2.60 [1.48-4.67] <0.001 0.84 [0.27-2.55] 0.753
  ≥Two visits 1.00   1.00  
De-worming status (in last 6 months)     
  Not de-wormed 3.68 [1.80-8.00] <0.001 8.47 [1.99-36.01] 0.004
  De-wormed 1.00   1.00  
Received breastfeeding/nutritional counselling    
  No 13.27 [1.92-570.13] 0.002 Not estimable3 Not estimable
  Yes 1.00    
Growth monitoring indicator status     
  Faltering 13.95 [6.87-28.56] <0.001 21.40 [8.74-52.41] <0.001
  Growing well 1.00   1.00  
BCG vaccine     
  No 0.97 [0.01-76.65] 0.983 - -
  Yes 1.00    
Penta-3 vaccine     
  No 1.64 [0.31-10.69] 0.501 - -
  Yes 1.00    
Measles vaccine      
  No 1.61 [0.75-3.56] 0.189 0.56 [0.15-2.02] 0.373
  Yes 1.00   1.00  
Vitamin A status      
  Not up to date 1.13 [0.67-1.91] 0.633 - -
  Up to date 1.00    
  1. 11.00$ = 2.00GH Cedis; 2Varibales with p < 0.2 in the univariate analysis were entered into the multivariate analysis model in addition to age category and family income level; 3Not estimable due to coll inearity; OR = Odds ratio; CI = Confidence interval