Skip to main content

Table 5 Health outcomes associated with malnutrition in 371 children attending PML hospital in Accra, Ghana

From: Factors affecting malnutrition in children and the uptake of interventions to prevent the condition

Characteristic   Crude OR [95 % CI] p-value Adjusted OR [95 % CI]2 p-value
Age category      
  ≤24 months 3.32 [1.40-8.73] 0.003 4.65 [1.73-12.55] 0.002
  25-59 months 1.00   1.00  
Monthly family income
  ≤200 GH Cedis1 4.20 [2.41-7.48] <0.001 2.93 [1.59-5.42] 0.001
  >200 GH Cedis1 1.00   1.00  
Admission status
  In-patient 3.70 [2.01-7.04] <0.001 2.10 [0.98-4.50] 0.057
  Out-patient 1.00   1.00  
Birth weight      
  Low (<2.5 kg) 2.58 [1.13-6.26] 0.014 2.65 [1.09-6.45] 0.032
  Normal (≥2.5 kg) 1.00   1.00  
An episode of diarrhoea (within last 6 months)
  Yes 3.02 [1.94-4.73] <0.001 2.23 [1.36-3.66] 0.002
  No 1.00   1.00  
Developmental delay
  Yes 11.75 [3.52-61.11] <0.001 12.09 [2.68-54.57] 0.001
  No 1.00   1.00  
Hospital admission (in the past one year)
  Yes 2.55 [1.60-4.07] <0.001 1.70 [0.93-3.10] 0.086
  No 1.00   1.00  
Passage of worm status in last 6 months
  Passed worm 2.11 [0.44-13.23] 0.285 - -
  No worm passage 1.00    
Sickness episode (in past 1 month)
  Yes 1.25 [0.81-1.93] 0.291 - -
  No 1.00    
  1. 11.00$ = 2.00GH Cedis; 2Varibales with p < 0.2 in the univariate analysis were entered into the multivariate analysis model in addition to age category and family income level; OR = Odds ratio; CI = Confidence interval