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Table 2 Parental knowledge regarding antibiotic use in children with URTIs (N = 385). Questions adopted from Panagakou et al. [31]

From: Parental knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding antibiotic use for acute upper respiratory tract infections in children: a cross-sectional study in Palestine

Variable Item Frequency Percentage %
Antibiotics can be used for any feverish child Strongly agree 76 19.7
Agree 153 39.7
Disagree 110 28.6
Strongly disagree 40 10.4
Uncertain 6 1.6
Children with flu like symptoms get better faster when antibiotics are used Strongly agree 69 17.9
Agree 201 52.2
Disagree 95 24.7
Strongly disagree 15 3.9
Uncertain 5 1.3
Most URTIs are viral in origin and are self-limited; thus, there is no need for antibiotic use Strongly agree 43 11.2
Agree 114 29.9
Disagree 173 44.9
Strongly disagree 37 9.6
Uncertain 18 4.7
Antibiotics do not have any side effects Strongly agree 19 4.9
Agree 54 14.0
Disagree 163 42.3
Strongly disagree 138 35.8
Uncertain 11 2.9
Inappropriate use of antibiotics reduces their efficacy and drives bacterial resistance Strongly agree 126 32.7
Agree 181 47
Disagree 53 13.8
Strongly disagree 15 3.9
Uncertain 10 2.6
Antibiotic use can prevent complications from URTIs Strongly agree 68 17.7
Agree 223 57.9
Disagree 63 16.4
Strongly disagree 12 3.1
Uncertain 19 4.6
Scientists can produce new antibiotics for resistant bacteria Strongly agree 96 24.4
Agree 180 46.8
Disagree 27 7.0
Strongly disagree 18 4.7
Uncertain 64 16.6