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Table 3 Proximate composition and energy content of cooked staple and accompanied relish

From: Feeding practices and nutrient content of complementary meals in rural central Tanzania: implications for dietary adequacy and nutritional status

Meal type Median portiona n b Moisture [ %/100 g] Energy [kcal/100 g] Ash Fat Protein Available Carbohydrate Fibre
[ % per 100 g dry weight]
Staple
Whole maize ugali 110 66 62.51 ± 0.44 138.68 0.89 ± 0.01 1.28 ± 0.02 4.38 ± 0.04 27.41 3.53 ± 0.04
Dehulled maize ugali 140 66 66.15 ± 0.46 129.01 0.60 ± 0.00 0.59 ± 0.01 2.08 ± 0.02 28.85 1.74 ± 0.02
Dehulled and soaked maize ugali 140 66 69.12 ± 0.48 120.44 0.53 ± 0.00 0.39 ± 0.02 0.28 ± 0.00 28.96 0.73 ± 0.01
Whole sorghum stiff ugali 110 66 63.65 ± 0.45 129.33 0.97 ± 0.01 0.96 ± 0.02 3.85 ± 0.04 26.31 4.26 ± 0.05
Rice cooked 105 2 63.84 ± 0.45 145.03 0.88 ± 0.01 1.61 ± 0.03 4.18 ± 0.04 28.45 1.04 ± 0.01
Relish
Beef relish 65 10 65.86 ± 0.46 190.13 2.05 ± 0.01 12.91 ± 0.25 18.05 ± 0.16 0.44 0.69 ± 0.01
Fish relish 90 2 62.57 ± 0.44 191.49 2.45 ± 0.02 10.44 ± 0.20 23.84 ± 0.22 0.54 0.16 ± 0.00
Sardines relish 82.5 4 63.59 ± 0.44 173.45 2.00 ± 0.01 7.48 ± 0.14 26.20 ± 0.24 0.32 0.40 ± 0.00
Fermented cow’s milk 150 3 89.20 ± 0.62 58.30 1.26 ± 0.01 4.03 ± 0.08 2.70 ± 0.02 2.81 NA
Bean relish with tomato 90 12 71.35 ± 0.49 98.13 2.18 ± 0.01 2.06 ± 0.04 3.70 ± 0.03 16.20 4.51 ± 0.05
Bean relish without tomato 72.5 12 71.22 ± 0.49 95.75 2.19 ± 0.01 1.47 ± 0.03 4.68 ± 0.04 15.95 4.49 ± 0.05
Chinese cabbage 54 44 71.84 ± 0.50 106.32 3.11 ± 0.02 8.21 ± 0.16 2.35 ± 0.02 5.75 8.74 ± 0.10
Sweet potato leaves 54 44 74.47 ± 0.52 73.41 4.14 ± 0.03 4.17 ± 0.08 1.27 ± 0.01 7.69 8.26 ± 0.10
Fresh Cowpea leaves 54 44 71.35 ± 0.49 129.61 3.04 ± 0.02 9.78 ± 0.19 4.75 ± 0.04 5.64 5.44 ± 0.06
Dried Cowpea leaves 50 44 75.04 ± 0.53 111.76 2.34 ± 0.01 9.81 ± 0.19 3.08 ± 0.03 2.79 6.94 ± 0.08
Pumpkin leaves 54 44 74.80 ± 0.52 85.28 5.08 ± 0.03 6.27 ± 0.12 3.19 ± 0.03 4.01 6.64 ± 0.08
Jute mallow leaves with groundnuts 54 44 76.80 ± 0.54 66.56 4.83 ± 0.03 1.98 ± 0.04 2.52 ± 0.03 9.67 4.21 ± 0.05
Jute mallow leaves without groundnuts 50 44 75.47 ± 0.53 64.34 5.62 ± 0.03 1.41 ± 0.03 3.42 ± 0.03 9.49 4.59 ± 0.05
Kale leaves 50 44 72.56 ± 0.51 103.96 4.88 ± 0.03 7.93 ± 0.15 2.17 ± 0.02 5.98 6.48 ± 0.07
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± SD on a dry-weight basis. NA-not analysed
  2. aInfant median portion sizes in grams per meal recorded from the 24-hour dietary recall among infants aged 6–11 months
  3. bNumber of infants reported to have consumed the meal on the day of the 24-hour dietary recall. Infants who had 2 or more meals per day consumed same staple, same relish or a different type of relish