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Table 2 Proximate composition and energy content of porridge varieties

From: Feeding practices and nutrient content of complementary meals in rural central Tanzania: implications for dietary adequacy and nutritional status

Porridge type Median portiona n b Moisture [ %/100 g] Energy [kcal/100 g] Ash Fat Protein Available Carbohydrate Fibre
[ % per 100 g dry weight]
Whole maize flour, Sugar 215 58 83.94 ± 0.59 53.07 0.85 ± 0.01 0.91 ± 0.02 1.00 ± 0.01 10.21 3.09 ± 0.03
Whole maize flour, Groundnuts, Salt 215 58 83.25 ± 0.58 54.55 1.05 ± 0.01 1.20 ± 0.02 1.33 ± 0.01 9.61 3.56 ± 0.04
Whole maize Groundnuts, Salt, Sugar 215 58 83.82 ± 0.59 51.40 0.93 ± 0.01 0.95 ± 0.02 1.19 ± 0.01 9.53 3.58 ± 0.04
Whole maize flour, Baobab flour 215 58 84.16 ± 0.60 47.45 0.96 ± 0.01 0.76 ± 0.01 0.96 ± 0.01 9.19 3.97 ± 0.04
Whole maize flour, Baobab flour, Sugar 215 58 84.40 ± 0.61 47.40 0.89 ± 0.01 0.68 ± 0.01 0.59 ± 0.01 9.74 3.70 ± 0.04
Whole maize flour Sunflower oil, Salt 215 58 83.54 ± 0.58 61.70 0.98 ± 0.01 2.12 ± 0.04 0.99 ± 0.01 9.656 2.71 ± 0.03
Composite flour (Whole maize flour, Finger millet flour, Sardines, Groundnuts, Salt) 315c 10 82.24 ± 0.57 63.92 0.97 ± 0.01 1.84 ± 0.04 1.35 ± 0.01 9.88 3.72 ± 0.04
Whole maize flour, Cow’s milk, Salt 215 79 86.30 ± 0.60 45.43 0.83 ± 0.01 1.17 ± 0.02 1.04 ± 0.01 7.69 2.97 ± 0.03
Dehulled maize flour, Salt 245 74 85.74 ± 0.60 49.68 0.57 ± 0.00 0.48 ± 0.01 0.66 ± 0.01 10.69 1.86 ± 0.02
Dehulled maize flour, Groundnuts, Sugar 245 74 84.15 ± 0.59 52.37 0.83 ± 0.01 0.73 ± 0.01 1.04 ± 0.01 10.41 2.85 ± 0.03
Dehulled maize flour, Cow’s milk, Salt 245 74 88.37 ± 0.63 40.67 0.68 ± 0.00 0.81 ± 0.02 1.29 ± 0.01 7.05 1.80 ± 0.02
Dehulled and soaked maize flour, Salt 220 27 86.48 ± 0.61 47.54 0.54 ± 0.00 0.30 ± 0.01 0.54 ± 0.01 10.68 1.46 ± 0.02
Dehulled and soaked maize flour, Groundnuts, Salt 220 27 86.53 ± 0.61 47.18 0.57 ± 0.00 0.66 ± 0.01 1.02 ± 0.01 9.30 1.93 ± 0.02
Dehulled and soaked maize flour, Baobab, Sugar 220 27 86.68 ± 0.61 46.00 0.82 ± 0.01 0.51 ± 0.01 0.71 ± 0.01 9.65 1.63 ± 0.02
Dehulled and soaked maize flour, Cow’s milk, Sugar 220 27 86.85 ± 0.62 49.56 0.51 ± 0.00 0.63 ± 0.01 0.99 ± 0.01 9.98 1.03 ± 0.01
Whole sorghum flour, Salt 187.5 44 84.53 ± 0.59 47.87 0.98 ± 0.01 0.76 ± 0.01 1.47 ± 0.01 8.80 3.47 ± 0.04
Whole sorghum flour, Groundnuts, Salt 187.5 44 84.61 ± 0.60 48.03 0.86 ± 0.01 1.10 ± 0.02 1.74 ± 0.02 7.79 3.90 ± 0.04
Whole pearl millet flour, Salt 227.5 10 84.25 ± 0.59 45.46 0.97 ± 0.01 0.79 ± 0.02 1.35 ± 0.01 8.24 4.41 ± 0.05
Whole pearl millet flour, Groundnuts, Salt 227.5 10 83.95 ± 0.59 45.27 0.98 ± 0.01 0.85 ± 0.02 1.48 ± 0.01 7.93 4.81 ± 0.05
Whole finger millet flour, Sugar 227.5 10 83.47 ± 0.58 46.16 1.03 ± 0.01 0.86 ± 0.02 1.50 ± 0.01 8.12 5.03 ± 0.06
Fresh cow’s milk, Water, Sugar 150 10 86.83 ± 0.62 66.89 0.54 ± 0.00 3.27 ± 0.06 2.29 ± 0.02 7.07 NA
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± SD on a dry-weight basis. NA-not analysed
  2. a Infant median portion sizes in grams per meal recorded from the 24-hour dietary recall among infants aged 6–11 months
  3. b Number of infants reported to have consumed the meal on the day of the 24-hour dietary recall. Infants who had 2 or more meals per day consumed same or a different type of porridge
  4. cConsumed by 9–11 months-old infants only