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Table 1 Subject characteristics

From: Adding anthropometric measures of regional adiposity to BMI improves prediction of cardiometabolic, inflammatory and adipokines profiles in youths: a cross-sectional study

  Girls Boys All children
N 106 97 203
Age (years) 12.2 ± 2.5 11.8 ± 2.4 12.0 ± 2.4
Pubertal status (Percentages)
 Yes 84 (79.2 %) 47 (48.5 %) 131 (64.5 %)
 No 22 (20.8 %) 50 (51.5 %) 72 (35.5 %)
Anthropometry
 BMI (kg/m2) 28.5 ± 5.6 28.2 ± 4.9 28.3 ± 5.3
 BMI Z score 2.42 ± 0.58 2.68 ± 0.53* 2.54 ± 0.57
 Waist C (cm) 83.8 ± 12.4 86.5 ± 11.5 85.1 ± 12.0
 Waist C Z score 2.22 ± 0.63 2.46 ± 0.58* 2.33 ± 0.62
 WHtRa 0.54 ± 0.06 0.56 ± 0.05* 0.55 ± 0.06
 WHRb 0.84 ± 0.06 0.89 ± 0.05** 0.86 ± 0.06
 WHR Z score 0.71 ± 0.89 0.85 ± 0.95 0.78 ± 0.92
Biology
 Fasting glucose (mg/dl) 86.2 ± 6.8 86.9 ± 6.2 86.5 ± 6.5
 Fasting insulin (mUI/l) 17.5 ± 8.5 14.8 ± 8.3* 16.2 ± 8.5
 HOMA IR 3.76 ± 1.98 3.21 ± 1.87* 3.50 ± 1.94
 QUICKI 0.321 ± 0.024 0.330 ± 0.027* 0.326 ± 0.026
 Triglycerides (mg/dl) 98.4 ± 58.4 90.0 ± 51.1 94.3 ± 55.1
 HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 54.4 ± 12.7 52.9 ± 12.1 53.7 ± 12.4
 LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 92.3 ± 29.0 93.0 ± 28.2 92.6 ± 28.6
 CRP (mg/l) 2.9 ± 4.1 3.2 ± 3.8 3.1 ± 4.0
 Fibrinogen (g/l) 3.7 ± 0.7 3.6 ± 0.6 3.6 ± 0.7
 Adiponectin (μg/ml) 8.0 ± 4.7 7.8 ± 4.5 7.9 ± 4.6
 Leptin (ng/ml) 38.7 ± 23.1 27.4 ± 16.1** 33.3 ± 20.8
 Resistin (ng/ml) 5.3 ± 2.2 5.1 ± 2.0 5.2 ± 2.1
DXA
 Total fat mass (kg) 32.51 ± 14.29 30.11 ± 10.85 31.37 ± 12.80
 Trunk fat mass (kg) 15.07 ± 7.14 14.17 ± 5.87 14.64 ± 6.57
 Trunk/legs fat mass index 1.22 ± 0.24 1.27 ± 0.28 1.24 ± 0.26
Blood pressure
 SBP (mmHg) 117 ± 12 118 ± 14 117 ± 13
 SBP Z score 0.99 ± 1.04 0.91 ± 1.10 0.95 ± 1.07
 DBP (mmHg) 71 ± 9 72 ± 8 72 ± 9
 DBP Z score 0.75 ± 0.78 0.81 ± 0.64 0.78 ± 0.71
  1. Data are N and/or means ± SD
  2. *P-value < 0.05; ** P-value < 0.001 for sex difference
  3. aWHtR (waist to height ratio)
  4. bWHR (waist-to-hip ratio)