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Table 1 Characteristics of parents and children aged 0–59 months in Tanzania 2010 (n = 7324)

From: Determinants of stunting and severe stunting among under-fives in Tanzania: evidence from the 2010 cross-sectional household survey

Characteristic n %
Individual level factors   
Parental factor   
Maternal working status   
 Non-working 984 13.4
 Working (past 12 months) 6340 86.6
Maternal education   
 No education 1887 25.8
 Primary 4982 68.0
 Secondary and above 456 6.2
Partner's occupation   
 Non agriculture 2168 29.6
 Agriculture 4759 65.0
 Not working 398 5.4
Partner's education (n = 6932)   
 No education 1266 18.3
 Primary 5090 73.4
 Secondary and above 576 8.3
Mother's age   
 15–24 years 2188 29.9
 25–34 years 3310 45.2
 35-49 years 1826 24.9
Mother's age at birth   
 < 19 years 1091 14.9
 20–29 years 3805 52.0
 30–39 years 2141 29.2
 40 and above 288 3.9
Marital status   
 Currently married 6260 85.5
 Formerly married (div/sep/widow) 701 9.6
 Never married 363 5.0
Birth order   
 First-born 1439 19.6
 2nd -4th 3546 48.4
 5 or more 2339 31.9
Preceding birth interval   
 No previous birth 1439 19.7
 < 24 months 895 12.2
 > 24 months 4979 68.1
Place of delivery   
 Home 3684 50.3
 Health facility 3640 49.7
Mode of delivery (n = 7301)   
 Non-caesarean 6987 95.7
 Caesarean 314 4.3
Type of delivery assistance (n = 7193)   
 Health professional 3567 49.6
 Traditional birth attendant 976 13.6
 Relatives and other untrained personnel 2388 33.2
 No one 262 3.6
Antenatal clinic visits (n = 5134)   
 None 98 1.9
 1–3. 2839 55.3
 4+ 2198 42.8
Timing of postnatal check-up (n = 7235)   
 No check-ups (including missing) 5536 76.5
 0–2 days 814 11.2
 3–6 days 327 4.5
 7 + days 559 7.7
Maternal BMI (n = 7240)   
 <= 18.5 (kg/m2) 668 9.2
 > 18.5 (kg/m2) 6572 90.8
Child breastfeeding (BF) status   
 Exclusive BF 840 11.5
 BF + water 177 2.4
 BF + supplementsa 3499 47.8
 No BF 2809 38.4
Mother is literate (n = 7257)   
 No 3024 41.7
 Yes 4233 58.3
Mother read newspaper (n = 7317)   
 No 6418 87.7
 Yes 900 12.3
Mother listened to the radio (n = 7322)   
 No 3537 48.3
 Yes 3785 51.7
Mother watched TV   
 No 6342 86.6
 Yes 982 13.4
Child level factors   
Sex of baby   
 Male 3647 49.8
 Female 3678 50.2
Size of baby   
 Small 562 7.9
 Average 4992 70.6
 Large 1522 21.5
Child had diarrhoea in the last 2 weeks (n = 7308)   
 No 6207 84.9
 Yes 1101 15.1
Child had fever in last two weeks (n = 7303)   
 No 5560 76.1
 Yes 1743 23.9
Household level factors   
Wealth Index   
 Poorest 1566 21.4
 Poorer 1747 23.9
 Middle 1647 22.5
 Rich 1369 18.7
 Richest 996 13.6
Source of drinking water   
 Protected 3088 42.2
 Unprotected 4237 57.8
Community level factors   
Type of residence   
 Urban 1442 19.7
 Rural 5883 80.3
Geographic Zones   
 Northern 956 13.1
 Eastern 849 11.6
 Western 1547 21.1
 Southern Highlands 1016 13.9
 Lake 1487 20.3
 Southern 567 7.7
 Central 708 9.7
 Zanzibar 196 2.7
  1. a BF + supplements included BF + liquids/juice; BF + other milk and BF+ complementary foods