Skip to main content

Table 1 The effect of early BCG on anthropometric measurements at 2 months by weight at inclusion

From: Early BCG vaccine to low-birth-weight infants and the effects on growth in the first year of life: a randomised controlled trial

  Weight at inclusion 2.00–2.49 kg Weight at inclusion 1.50–1.99 kg Weight at inclusion <1.50 kg
  Meana
early BCG
Meana
late BCG
Differenceb(CI: 95 %) Meana
early BCG
Meana
late BCG
Differenceb(CI: 95 %) Meana
early BCG
Meana
late BCG
Differenceb(CI: 95 %)
2 months          
All          
 Number 643 646   242 216   56 52  
 Weight-for-age, z-score −1.58 −1.64 0.06 (−0.04; 0.16) −2.97 −2.83 −0.14 (−0.34; 0.06) −4.63 −4.53 −0.21 (−0.60; 0.18)
 Length-for-age, z-score −2.06 −2.03 −0.01 (−0.11; 0.09) −3.45 −3.25 −0.16 (−0.37; 0.05) −5.39 −5.37 0.02 (−0.42; 0.46)
 Head circumference-for-age, z-score −0.86 −0.90 0.02 (−0.09; 0.13) −1.83 −1.92 0.06 (−0.14; 0.26) −3.36 −3.49 −0.11 (−0.60; 0.38)
 MUACc, cm 11.6 11.5 0.07 (−0.06; 0.19) 10.5 10.6 −0.11 (−0.36; 0.13) 9.2 9.3 −0.20 (−0.71; 0.32)
Boys          
 Number 284 278   106 100   21 21  
 Weight-for-age, z-score −1.80 −1.73 −0.05 (−0.22; 0.11) −3.30 −3.03 −0.28 (−0.59; 0.03) −4.97 −4.86 0.06 (−0.56; 0.68)
 Length-for-age, z-score −2.37 −2.24 −0.05 (−0.21; 0.11) −3.81 −3.57 −0.17 (−0.46; 0.11) −5.89 −5.87 0.51 (−0.12; 1.15)
 Head circumference-for-age, z-score −2.37 −2.24 −0.09 (−0.27; 0.08) −2.05 −2.02 −0.02 (−0.34; 0.29) −3.70 −3.99 0.04 (−0.66; 0.74)
 MUACc, cm 11.7 11.8 −0.08 (−0.28; 0.12) 10.4 10.8 −0.39 (−0.77; −0.01) 9.3 9.3 0.09 (−0.79; 0.97)
Girls          
 Number 359 368   136 116   35 31  
 Weight-for-age, z-score −1.42 −1.56 0.15 (0.02; 0.28) −2.71 −2.69 −0.03 (−0.29; 0.23) −4.42 −4.30 −0.34 (−0.83; 0.15)
 Length-for-age, z-score −1.81 −1.87 0.04 (−0.09; 0.16) −3.16 −2.97 −0.16 (−0.45; 0.13) −5.09 −5.02 −0.32 (−0.90; 0.25)
 Head circumference-for-age, z-score −0.73 −0.84 0.12 (−0.03; 0.26) −1.66 −1.84 0.12 (−0.14; 0.38) −3.16 −3.15 −0.17 (−0.76; 0.43)
 MUACc, cm 11.6 11.4 0.18 (0.02; 0.33) 10.6 10.5 0.10 (−0.21; 0.41) 9.1 9.4 −0.29 (−0.88; 0.30)
  1. aUnadjusted means
  2. bAnalyses are conducted using longitudinal linear regression models containing information on the 2, 6 and 12 months measurements in one model. The analyses are furthermore adjusted for the corresponding measurement at enrolment
  3. cMUAC (Mid upper arm circumference)