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Table 4 Bivariate associations between demographic and socio-economic factors with malnutrition among underfive children

From: An investigation on factors associated with malnutrition among underfive children in Nakaseke and Nakasongola districts, Uganda

Explanatory variable Total children Stunting Wasting Underweight
Stunted (%) \( {\chi}^{\mathtt{2}} \) p Wasted (%) \( {\chi}^{\mathtt{2}} \) p Underweight (%) \( {\chi}^{\mathtt{2}} \) p
Sex of the child    0.011 0.546   3.302 0.069   1.839 0.159
 Male 39 15 (38.5)    3 (7.7)    2 (5.1)   
 Female 48 19(39.6)    11 (22.9)    7 (14.6)   
Age of child (months)    1.992 0.737   0.788 0.94   9.952 0.041*
 ≤ 12 76 32 (42.1)    13 (17.1)    9 (11.8)   
 13–36 16 4 (25)    2 (12.5)    0   
 37–59 12 6 (50)    2 (16.7)    5 (41.7)   
Birth Order    0.438 0.803   2.921 0.232   5.378 0.068
 1–2 43 19 (44.2)    3 (6.9)    3 (6.9)   
 3–4 18 8 (44.4)    4 (22.2)    4 (22.2)   
 5+ 17 6 (35.3)    3 (17.6)    0   
Birth Interval (years)    5.085 0.079   0.153 0.926   0.795 0.672
 ≤  2 38 15 (39.5)    6 (15.7)    4 (10.5)   
 3–4 17 11 (64.7)    2 (11.8)    2 (11.8)   
 5–6 6 1 (16.7)    1 (16.7)    0   
Age of mother at birth (years)    3.135 0.371   1.351 0.717   1.503 0.681
 < 20 Years 16 6 (37.5)    2 (12.5)    2 (12.5)   
 20–29 Years 41 15 (36.6)    7 (17.1)    3 (7.3)   
 30–39 Years 23 13 (56.5)    3 (13.0)    3 (13.0)   
 40–49 Years 7 2 (28.6)    0    0   
Mother’s education level    1.135 0.769   3.525 0.317   2.866 0.413
 No education 11 3 (27.3)    3 (27.3)    2 (18.2)   
 Primary 57 25 (43.9)    6 (10.5)    4 (7.0)   
 Secondary+ 11 5 (45.6)    2 (18.2)    0   
Marital Status    1.331 0.275   1.55 0.362   0.032 0.584
 Never married/Separated 34 11 (32.4)    3 (8.8)    3 (8.8)   
 Married/Cohabiting 56 25 (44.6)    11 (19.6)    6 (10.7)   
Mothers’ occupation    11.03 0.05*   3.101 0.684   3.419 0.636
 Peasant farmer 44 20 (45.5)    6 (13.6)    5 (11.4)   
 Pastoralist 11 1 (9.1)    2 (18.2)    0   
 Business/civil servant 15 9 (60)    3 (20)    0   
 Handcraft 6 2 (27.3)    0    0   
  1. *Statistically significant at 95 % Confidence Interval