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Table 1 Demographic, anthropometric, and BP characteristics of the study participants by sex

From: Association of neck circumference and high blood pressure in children and adolescents: a case–control study

Variables Total (n = 1947) Boys (n = 962) Girls (n = 985) P*
Age (years) 13.38 ± 1.09 13.38 ± 1.11 13.39 ± 1.07 0.850
Height (cm) 163.05 ± 9.64 164.39 ± 11.19 161.75 ± 7.61 <0.001
Weight (kg) 52.88 ± 12.39 53.95 ± 13.70 51.84 ± 10.86 0.004
BMI (kg/m2) 19.71 ± 3.37 19.73 ± 3.50 19.69 ± 3.24 0.588
BAI 26.15 ± 3.79 25.37 ± 3.95 26.90 ± 3.46 <0.001
WC (cm) 68.43 ± 8.57 70.29 ± 8.93 66.62 ± 7.79 <0.001
HC (cm) 91.76 ± 8.82 91.20 ± 9.27 92.31 ± 8.32 0.003
NC (cm) 32.21 ± 2.84 33.19 ± 3.06 31.25 ± 2.23 <0.001
MUAC (cm) 26.05 ± 3.26 26.55 ± 3.41 25.56 ± 3.02 <0.001
WHtR 0.42 ± 0.05 0.43 ± 0.05 0.41 ± 0.05 <0.001
WHR 0.75 ± 0.07 0.77 ± 0.06 0.72 ± 0.06 <0.001
SBP (mmHg) 118.45 ± 14.06 121.65 ± 15.65 115.33 ± 11.50 <0.001
DBP (mmHg) 64.21 ± 7.57 63.58 ± 7.71 64.84 ± 7.39 0.001
  1. BP blood pressure; BMI body mass index; BAI body adiposity index; WC waist circumference; HC hip circumference; NC neck circumference; MUAC mid-upper arm circumference; WHtR waist-to-height ratio; WHR waist-to-hip ratio; SBP systolic blood pressure; DBP diastolic blood pressure
  2. Values are presented as mean ± SD
  3. *Boys versus girls