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Table 3 Cases of orchidopexy stratified according to hospitals with and without a department for pediatric surgery prior to (2003–2008) and after (2010–2012) modification of the guideline, respectively; p-values indicate the difference of cases < 1 year (≤2 years) of age and all other cases. CI = 95-% confidence interval

From: Operative management of cryptorchidism: guidelines and reality - a 10-year observational analysis of 3587 cases

   Cases Hospitals with a department for pediatric surgery Hospitals without a department for pediatric surgery p-value [CI]
   n = 1598 n = 660 n = 938  
2003 – 2008 <1 year n = 68 n = 41 n = 27 p = .001 [1 %;6 %]
6 % 3 %
≥1 year n = 1530 n = 619 n = 911
94 % 97 %
<2 years n = 353 n = 192 n = 161 p < .001 [15 %;26 %]
29 % 17 %
≥2 years n = 1245 n = 468 n = 777
71 % 83 %
2010 – 2012   n = 1553 n = 508 n = 1045  
<1 year n = 81 n = 50 n = 31 p < .001 [5 %;11 %]
10 % 3 %
≥1 year n = 1472 n = 458 n = 1014
90 % 97 %
<2 years n = 420 n = 159 n = 261 p = .008 [6 %;18 %]
31 % 25 %
≥2 years n = 1133 n = 349 n = 784
69 % 75 %