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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population and suspected sepsis episodes

From: Glucosuria as an early marker of late-onset sepsis in preterms: a prospective cohort study

  Patients with suspected infection
n = 123
Gestational age, weeks+days 29+1 (2+1)
Birthweight, g 1187 (345)
Male sex, n (%) 70 (56.9 %)
Died during admission, n (%) 1 (0.8 %)
Age at onset of suspected infection, days 12 (7–18)
Follow-up, days 24 (14–35)
Respiratory symptoms
 (Increase in) apnea, bradycardia and/or cyanotic spells 56 (45.5 %)
 Increased respiratory supporta 53 (43.1 %)
Circulatory symptoms
 Pallor/gray skin 61 (49.6 %)
 Capillary refill time > 2 s 49 (39.8 %)
 Tachycardia 44 (35.8 %)
General symptoms
 Temperature instability 86 (69.9 %)
 Lethargy 56 (45.5 %)
 Irritability 14 (11.4 %)
Laboratory values
 C-Reactive protein (mg/l) 2 (0–10)
 Leucocytes (10E9/l) 14.0 (8.9–18.0)
Risk factors
 CVC in last 24 h 39 (31.7 %)
 Mechanical ventilation 12 (9.8 %)
  1. Mean (standard deviation) for gestational age, birth weight. For age at onset and follow-up in days median (p25 and p75) are given because of skewed distribution
  2. Data from patients who experienced more than one episode of suspected infection are from their first episode. For characteristics of sepsis episodes numbers (percentage) are given, except for “Laboratory values” where median (p25-p75) are presented. CVC central venous catheter
  3. aIncreased in respiratory support: intensifying the modus, i.e. low flow, CPAP or endotracheal ventilation and/or degree of respiratory support)