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Table 1 Distribution of child nutritional status, demographic characteristics, household characteristics and maternal characteristics in Malawi (2010), Tanzania (2009–10) and Zimbabwe (2005–6)

From: Is there a threshold level of maternal education sufficient to reduce child undernutrition? Evidence from Malawi, Tanzania and Zimbabwe

  Malawi Tanzania Zimbabwe
Mean (n) SD Mean (n) SD Mean (n) SD
Child Nutritional Status       
 Stunted 0.44 (2008) 0.01 0.42 (2024) 0.01 0.33 (1146) 0.01
 Wasted 0.04 (183) 0.00 0.05 (241) 0.00 0.06 (208) 0.00
 Underweight 0.12 (548) 0.01 0.16 (771) 0.01 0.12 (417) 0.01
Child Demographic Factors       
 Age of child (in months) 28.89 0.27 28.56 0.19 28.9 0.36
 Whether the child is male 0.49 0.01 0.50 0.01 0.51 0.01
 Size of the child at birth- Small 2.69 0.07 3.03 0.03 2.73 0.02
 Child is of multiple birth 0.03 0.00 0.02 0.00 0.02 0.00
 Birth order 3.60 0.05 3.89 0.05 2.88 0.05
Child Health Factors       
 Had diarrhoea recently 0.15 0.01 0.15 0.01 0.13 0.01
Socioeconomic Factors       
 Whether place of residence is rural 0.85 0.01 0.82 0.01 0.74 0.02
 Female Household head 0.08 0.01 0.14 0.01 0.33 0.01
 Total number of people in the household 5.94 0.05 7.23 0.19 6.05 0.09
 Household with safe water 0.78 0.01 0.53 0.02 0.70 0.03
 Household with improved toilet facility 0.17 0.01 0.14 0.01 0.54 0.02
Maternal Demographic Factors       
 Mother’s current age 28.40 0.13 29.54 0.15 28.07 0.12
 Number of under-five children 1.84 0.02 2.23 0.05 1.80 0.03
 Currently lactating (1 = Yes) 0.65 0.01 0.62 0.01 0.50 0.01
Maternal education level       
 Mother’s education –None 0.18 0.01 0.26 0.01 0.04 0.01
 Mother’s education –Junior Primary 0.29 0.01 0.10 0.01 0.06 0.01
 Mother’s education –Senior Primary 0.38 0.01 0.57 0.01 0.37 0.02
 Mother’s education –Junior Secondary 0.08 0.01 0.04 0.00 0.50 0.03
 Mother’s education –Senior Secondary + 0.07 0.01 0.03 0.00 0.03 0.00
 Husband’s education (in single years) 8.05 0.29 6.25 0.17 9.47 0.26
N 4,563 4,821 3,473