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Table 3 Direct and indirect associations between PA level and mental well-being

From: Physical activity improves mental health through resilience in Hong Kong Chinese adolescents

  Coefficient estimates 95% CI lower band 95% CI upper band p-value Proportion of mediation
Overall a      
  Total association 0.52 0.26 0.77 < 0.001 1
  Direct association 0.16 −0.08 0.41 0.18 0.32
  Total indirect association 0.35 0.24 0.47 < 0.001 0.68
   Indirect association through:      
  Self-efficacy 0.04 −0.01 0.10 0.15 0.08
  Resilience 0.31 0.19 0.43 < 0.001 0.60
Female b      
  Total association 0.58 0.26 0.9 < 0.001 1
  Direct association 0.23 −0.09 0.56 0.16 0.40
  Total indirect association 0.35 0.21 0.48 < 0.001 0.60
   Indirect association through:      
  Self-efficacy 0.04 −0.02 0.10 0.25 0.06
  Resilience 0.31 0.17 0.45 < 0.001 0.54
Male b      
  Total association 0.38 −0.04 0.79 0.08 1
  Direct association 0.03 −0.34 0.40 0.89 0.07
  Total indirect association 0.35 0.15 0.55 < 0.001 0.93
   Indirect association through:      
  Self-efficacy 0.06 −0.05 0.16 0.31 0.15
  Resilience 0.29 0.10 0.49 < 0.001 0.78
  1. aEstimated in the multiple-mediator path model; bEstimated in the multi-group path model; CI = Confidence interval.