Skip to main content

Table 2 Socio-demographic characteristic and medical histories of the mothers of newborns displayed according to neonatal outcomes

From: Still births, neonatal deaths and neonatal near miss cases attributable to severe obstetric complications: a prospective cohort study in two referral hospitals in Uganda

Characteristics All newborns (n = 2142) N (%) Stillbirths (n = 257) N (%) Neonatal deaths (n = 369) N (%) Neonatal near miss (n = 786) N (%) No complications (n = 730) N (%) p-value (testing difference in groups)
Age category       
18 years or less 183 (8.5) 19 (7.4) 34 (9.2) 52 (6.7) 78 (10.7) <0.001
19–24 years 853 (39.8) 77 (30.0) 144 (39.0) 307 (39.1) 325 (44.5)  
>24 years 1106 (51.7) 161 (62.6) 191 (51.8) 427 (54.3) 327 (44.8)  
Gravidity       
1 702 (32.8) 50 (31.1) 117 (31.7) 205 (26.1) 330 (45.2) <0.001
2–4 1051 (49.1) 126 (49.0) 174 (47.2) 450 (57.3) 301 (41.2)  
5 and more 389 (18.0) 81 (19.9) 78 (21.0) 131 (16.6) 99 (13.6)  
Marital status       
Single 378 (17.6) 32 (12.5) 80 (21.7) 152 (19.3) 116 (15.9) 0.015
Married 1764 (82.4) 226 (87.5) 289 (78.3) 633 (80.7) 613 (84.1)  
Employment status       0.006
Formal 210 (9.8) 21 (8.2) 29 (7.9) 97 (12.3) 63 (8.6)  
Informal 682 (31.8) 90 (35.0) 125 (33.9) 237 (30.2) 230 (31.5)  
Unemployed 1247 (58.4) 146 (56.8) 214 (58.2) 452 (57.5) 435 (59.9)  
ΩEducation level       
None or primary       0.002
Secondary 872 (40.7) 129 (50.2) 154 (41.7) 321 (40.8) 268 (36.7)  
Post-secondary       
  1022 (47.7) 112 (43.5) 178 (48.2) 371 (47.2) 361 (49.5)  
233 (11.6) 16 (6.3) 34 (10.1) 85 (10.8) 98 (13.4)  
Referral status       
Referred 1418 (66.2) 189 (73.5) 257 (69.6) 512 (65.1) 60 (8.2) 0.009
*Not referred 724 (33.8) 68 (26.5) 112 (31.4) 276 (34.9) 670 (91.8)  
Timing of complications       
Occurred before admission 1159 (54.1) 94 (36.6) 202 (54.7) 676 (86.0) 187 (25.6) 0.001
Occurred before arrival and new complications developed 540 (25.2) 115 (44.7) 95 (25.7) 73 (9.3) 257 (35.1)  
Complications occurred during hospitalization 443 (20.7) 48 (18.7) 72 (19.5) 37 (4.7) 286 (39.3)  
Severe maternal outcomes       <0.001
Present 1444 (67.4) 79 (30.7) 154 (41.7) 671 (85.3) 540 (74.0)  
Absent 698 (32.6) 178 (69.3) 215 (58.3) 115 (14.7) 190 (26.0)  
Admission to HDU       0.001
Yes 530 (32.9) 154 (59.9) 146 (39.6) 72 (9.2) 158 (21.6)  
No 1612 (67.1) 103 (40.1) 223 (40.4) 714 (90.8) 572 (78.4)  
Mode of delivery       
Vaginal 926 (43.2) 169 (45.8) 123 (33.3) 642 (81.7) 624 (85.5) 0.005
ΩAbdominal 1207 (56.3) 197 (53.4) 243 (65.9) 143 (18.3) 103 (14.1)  
Assisted delivery 9 (0.5) 3 (0.8) 3 (0.8) 0 (0.0) 3 (0.4)  
  1. ΩCaesarean delivery or laparotomy for ruptured uterus; *Not referred include self-referrals.