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Table 4 Risk factors for acute Bilirubin encephalopathy among Jaundiced Nigerian neonates

From: A modified Bilirubin-induced neurologic dysfunction (BIND-M) algorithm is useful in evaluating severity of jaundice in a resource-limited setting

Peak serum bilirubin Cases Controls Number (%) Odds ratio [95% CI]
<=15.00 3 93 96 (28.8%) 1.000 [Referent]
Unknown 25 110 135 (40.5%) 7.044 [2.061,24.07]
>15.00 77 25 102 (30.6%) 10.06 [2.927,34.60]
Total 105 228 333 (100.0%)  
Means 30.71 15.65   P < 0.001
Gender Cases Controls Number (%) Odds Ratio (95% CI)
Male 17 103 120 (61.2%) 1.089 (0.470,2.523)
Female 10 66 76 (38.8%) 1.000 (REFERENT)
Sepsis Cases Controls Number (%) Odds Ratio (95% CI)
No 4 67 71 (66.4%) 1.000 (REFERENT)
Yes 12 24 36 (33.6%) 8.375 (2.463, 28.48)
Menthol G6PD Cases Controls Number (%) Odds Ratio (95% CI)
Unexposed Normal 1 37 38 (19.2%) 1.000 (REFERENT)
Unexposed Unknown 10 63 73 (36.9%) 5.868 (0.722,47.66)
Unexposed Deficient 3 17 20 (10.1%) 6.524 (0.632,67.34)
Unknown Normal 1 10 11 (5.6%) 3.697 (0.212,64.42)
Unknown Unknown 1 25 26 (13.1%) 7.120 (0.936,54.18)
Unknown Deficient 1 6 7 (3.5%) 6.162 (0.338,112.2)
Exposed Normal 0 0 0 (0.0%) 0.000 (incalculable)
Exposed Unknown 7 10 17 (8.6%) 25.88 (2.845,235.8)
Exposed Deficient 4 2 6 (3.0%) 73.94 (5.425,>999)